Estonian Vocabulary

The Estonian vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: üks  Audio Two: kaks  Audio Three: kolm  Audio
Four: neli  Audio Five: viis  Audio Six: kuus  Audio
Seven: seitse  Audio Eight: kaheksa  Audio Nine: üheksa  Audio
Ten: kümme  Audio First: esimene  Audio Second: teine  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: esmaspäev  Audio Tuesday: teisipäev  Audio Wednesday: kolmapäev  Audio
Thursday: neljapäev  Audio Friday: reede  Audio Saturday: laupäev  Audio
Sunday: pühapäev  Audio Now: nüüd  Audio Yesterday: eile  Audio
Today: täna  Audio Tonight: täna õhtul  Audio Tomorrow: homme  Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: puuviljad  Audio Apples: õunad  Audio
Bananas: banaanid  Audio Tomatoes: tomatid  Audio
Potatoes: kartulid  Audio Onions: sibulad  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: punane  Audio Green: roheline  Audio Blue: sinine  Audio
White: valge  Audio Black: must  Audio Grey: hall  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: hommikusöök  Audio Lunch: lõunasöök  Audio
Dinner: õhtusöök  Audio Milk: piim  Audio
Coffee: kohv  Audio Bread: leib  Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: päikesepaisteline  Audio Windy: tuuline  Audio Rainy: vihmane  Audio
Snowy: lumine  Audio Cold: külm  Audio Hot: kuum  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: poiss  Audio Girl: tüdruk  Audio
Son: poeg  Audio Daughter: tütar  Audio
Brother: vend  Audio Sister: õde  Audio
Man: mees  Audio Woman: naine  Audio
Father: isa  Audio Mother: ema  Audio
Grandfather: vanaisa  Audio Grandmother: vanaema  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: maja  Audio Toilet: tualett  Audio Room: tuba  Audio
Bedroom: magamistuba  Audio Kitchen: köök  Audio Table: laud  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: kass  Audio Dog: koer  Audio Mouse: hiir  Audio
Bird: lind  Audio Cow: lehm  Audio Horse: hobune  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: sokid  Audio Shoes: kingad  Audio Trousers: püksid  Audio
Shirt: särk  Audio Sweater: dressipluus  Audio Coat: mantel  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: inglise keel  Audio French: prantsuse keel  Audio German: saksa keel  Audio
Spanish: hispaania keel  Audio Italian: itaalia keel  Audio Portuguese: portugali keel  Audio
Greek: kreeka keel  Audio Russian: vene keel  Audio Arabic: araabia keel  Audio
Hindi: hindi keel  Audio Chinese: hiina keel  Audio Japanese: jaapani keel  Audio


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Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: takso  Audio Bus: buss  Audio
Hotel: hotell  Audio Reservation: reserveerimine  Audio
Airport: lennujaam  Audio Passport: pass  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: üliõpilane  Audio Teacher: õpetaja  Audio Pen: pastapliiats  Audio
Books: raamatud  Audio Page: lehekülg  Audio Dictionary: sõnaraamat  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: käsi  Audio Feet: jalad  Audio Hair: juuksed  Audio
Eye: silm  Audio Mouth: suu  Audio Nose: nina  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: kiirabi  Audio Doctor: arst  Audio
Hospital: haigla  Audio Pharmacy: apteek  Audio
Police: politsei  Audio Stomach Ache: kõhuvalu  Audio

As you can see, this Estonian vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Estonian Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.