Estonian Vocabulary

The Estonian vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: üks  Audio Two: kaks  Audio Three: kolm  Audio
Four: neli  Audio Five: viis  Audio Six: kuus  Audio
Seven: seitse  Audio Eight: kaheksa  Audio Nine: üheksa  Audio
Ten: kümme  Audio First: esimene  Audio Second: teine  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: esmaspäev  Audio Tuesday: teisipäev  Audio Wednesday: kolmapäev  Audio
Thursday: neljapäev  Audio Friday: reede  Audio Saturday: laupäev  Audio
Sunday: pühapäev  Audio Now: nüüd  Audio Yesterday: eile  Audio
Today: täna  Audio Tonight: täna õhtul  Audio Tomorrow: homme  Audio


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: puuviljad  Audio Apples: õunad  Audio
Bananas: banaanid  Audio Tomatoes: tomatid  Audio
Potatoes: kartulid  Audio Onions: sibulad  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: punane  Audio Green: roheline  Audio Blue: sinine  Audio
White: valge  Audio Black: must  Audio Grey: hall  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: hommikusöök  Audio Lunch: lõunasöök  Audio
Dinner: õhtusöök  Audio Milk: piim  Audio
Coffee: kohv  Audio Bread: leib  Audio


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: päikesepaisteline  Audio Windy: tuuline  Audio Rainy: vihmane  Audio
Snowy: lumine  Audio Cold: külm  Audio Hot: kuum  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: poiss  Audio Girl: tüdruk  Audio
Son: poeg  Audio Daughter: tütar  Audio
Brother: vend  Audio Sister: õde  Audio
Man: mees  Audio Woman: naine  Audio
Father: isa  Audio Mother: ema  Audio
Grandfather: vanaisa  Audio Grandmother: vanaema  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: maja  Audio Toilet: tualett  Audio Room: tuba  Audio
Bedroom: magamistuba  Audio Kitchen: köök  Audio Table: laud  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: kass  Audio Dog: koer  Audio Mouse: hiir  Audio
Bird: lind  Audio Cow: lehm  Audio Horse: hobune  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: sokid  Audio Shoes: kingad  Audio Trousers: püksid  Audio
Shirt: särk  Audio Sweater: dressipluus  Audio Coat: mantel  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: inglise keel  Audio French: prantsuse keel  Audio German: saksa keel  Audio
Spanish: hispaania keel  Audio Italian: itaalia keel  Audio Portuguese: portugali keel  Audio
Greek: kreeka keel  Audio Russian: vene keel  Audio Arabic: araabia keel  Audio
Hindi: hindi keel  Audio Chinese: hiina keel  Audio Japanese: jaapani keel  Audio


Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: takso  Audio Bus: buss  Audio
Hotel: hotell  Audio Reservation: reserveerimine  Audio
Airport: lennujaam  Audio Passport: pass  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: üliõpilane  Audio Teacher: õpetaja  Audio Pen: pastapliiats  Audio
Books: raamatud  Audio Page: lehekülg  Audio Dictionary: sõnaraamat  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: käsi  Audio Feet: jalad  Audio Hair: juuksed  Audio
Eye: silm  Audio Mouth: suu  Audio Nose: nina  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: kiirabi  Audio Doctor: arst  Audio
Hospital: haigla  Audio Pharmacy: apteek  Audio
Police: politsei  Audio Stomach Ache: kõhuvalu  Audio

As you can see, this Estonian vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

Learn Estonian

Estonian Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.