Korean Grammar

The Korean grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Korean and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: 그리고  [keurigo] Audio Under: 아래에  [arae-ye] Audio
Before: 전에  [jeone] Audio After: 뒤에  [dwiie] Audio
Inside:   [an] Audio Outside: 겉에  [keote] Audio
With: -와 함께  [ -wah hamkke] Audio But: 그러나  [keureona] Audio
For: 를 위해  [reul wiihae] Audio From: 부터  [bu-teo] Audio
To:   [e] Audio In: -에  [ -e] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: 무엇?  [mu-eos?] Audio Who?: 누구?  [nu-gu?] Audio
How?: 어떻게?  [eotteohke?] Audio Why?: 왜?  [waeh?] Audio
Where?: 어디에?  [eodi-e?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: 결코  [kyeol-ko] Audio Rarely: 드물게  [deumul-ke] Audio
Sometimes: 가끔  [kakkeum] Audio Usually: 보통  [botong] Audio
Always: 항상  [hangsang] Audio Very: 매우  [ma-eu] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Korean:

I: 나는  [naneun] Audio You: 너는  [neoneun] Audio
He: 그는  [keuneun] Audio She: 그녀는  [keunyeoneun] Audio
We: 우리는  [urineun] Audio They: 그들은  [keudeu-reun] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: 나의  [naye] Audio Your: 너의  [neoyi] Audio
His: 그의  [keuyi] Audio Her: 그녀의  [keunyeoyi] Audio
Our: 우리의  [uriyi] Audio Their: 그들의  [keudeulyi] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: 저는 영어를 합니다  [jeoneun yeongeoreul hamnida] Audio
You speak French: 당신은 프랑스어를 합니다  [tangshineun peurangseu-eoreul hamnida] Audio
He speaks German: 그는 독어를 합니다  [keuneun do-georeul hamnida] Audio
She speaks Italian: 그녀는 이탈리어를 합니다  [keunyeoneun italliyeoreul hamnida] Audio
I visited France: 전 프랑스를 방문했습니다  [jeon peurangseureul bangmunhaessseumnida] Audio
I will drink milk: 저는 우유를 마실 것입니다  [jeoneun uyureul mashil geo-shimnida] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: 당신을 이해합니다  [tangshineurihae-hamnida] Audio
I don't understand you: 당신을 이해하지 못합니다  [tangshineurihae-haji mothamnida] Audio
I don't speak French: 저는 프랑스어를 못합니다  [jeoneun peurangseu-eoreul mothamnida] Audio
This is my house: 여기가 제 집입니다  [yeo-gi-ga je jibimnida] Audio
That restaurant is far: 그 식당은 멀리 있습니다  [keu shikdangeun meolli issseumnida] Audio
No problem: 문제없습니다  [munjeyeoptseumnida] Audio

The above Korean grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Korean vocabulary to obtain some popular Korean phrases.

Korean Phrases

Korean Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.