Korean Grammar

The Korean grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Korean and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: 그리고  [keurigo] Audio Under: 아래에  [arae-ye] Audio
Before: 전에  [jeone] Audio After: 뒤에  [dwiie] Audio
Inside:   [an] Audio Outside: 겉에  [keote] Audio
With: -와 함께  [ -wah hamkke] Audio But: 그러나  [keureona] Audio
For: 를 위해  [reul wiihae] Audio From: 부터  [bu-teo] Audio
To:   [e] Audio In: -에  [ -e] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: 무엇?  [mu-eos?] Audio Who?: 누구?  [nu-gu?] Audio
How?: 어떻게?  [eotteohke?] Audio Why?: 왜?  [waeh?] Audio
Where?: 어디에?  [eodi-e?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: 결코  [kyeol-ko] Audio Rarely: 드물게  [deumul-ke] Audio
Sometimes: 가끔  [kakkeum] Audio Usually: 보통  [botong] Audio
Always: 항상  [hangsang] Audio Very: 매우  [ma-eu] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Korean:

I: 나는  [naneun] Audio You: 너는  [neoneun] Audio
He: 그는  [keuneun] Audio She: 그녀는  [keunyeoneun] Audio
We: 우리는  [urineun] Audio They: 그들은  [keudeu-reun] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: 나의  [naye] Audio Your: 너의  [neoyi] Audio
His: 그의  [keuyi] Audio Her: 그녀의  [keunyeoyi] Audio
Our: 우리의  [uriyi] Audio Their: 그들의  [keudeulyi] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: 저는 영어를 합니다  [jeoneun yeongeoreul hamnida] Audio
You speak French: 당신은 프랑스어를 합니다  [tangshineun peurangseu-eoreul hamnida] Audio
He speaks German: 그는 독어를 합니다  [keuneun do-georeul hamnida] Audio
She speaks Italian: 그녀는 이탈리어를 합니다  [keunyeoneun italliyeoreul hamnida] Audio
I visited France: 전 프랑스를 방문했습니다  [jeon peurangseureul bangmunhaessseumnida] Audio
I will drink milk: 저는 우유를 마실 것입니다  [jeoneun uyureul mashil geo-shimnida] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: 당신을 이해합니다  [tangshineurihae-hamnida] Audio
I don't understand you: 당신을 이해하지 못합니다  [tangshineurihae-haji mothamnida] Audio
I don't speak French: 저는 프랑스어를 못합니다  [jeoneun peurangseu-eoreul mothamnida] Audio
This is my house: 여기가 제 집입니다  [yeo-gi-ga je jibimnida] Audio
That restaurant is far: 그 식당은 멀리 있습니다  [keu shikdangeun meolli issseumnida] Audio
No problem: 문제없습니다  [munjeyeoptseumnida] Audio

The above Korean grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Korean vocabulary to obtain some popular Korean phrases.

Korean Phrases

Korean Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.