Korean Vocabulary

The Korean vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: 하나  [hana] Audio Two:   [dul] Audio
Three:   [ses] Audio Four:   [nes] Audio
Five: 다섯  [daseos] Audio Six: 여섯  [yeoseos] Audio
Seven: 일곱  [il-kob] Audio Eight: 여덟  [yeodeolb] Audio
Nine: 아홉  [ahob] Audio Ten:   [yeol] Audio
First: 첫 번째  [cheot beon-chae] Audio Second: 두 번째  [du beon-chae] Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: 월요일  [wolyoil] Audio Tuesday: 화요일  [hwahyoil] Audio
Wednesday: 수요일  [suyoil] Audio Thursday: 목요일  [mokyoil] Audio
Friday: 금요일  [keumyoil] Audio Saturday: 토요일  [toyoil] Audio
Sunday: 일요일  [ilyoil] Audio Now: 지금  [chigeum] Audio
Yesterday: 어제  [eoje] Audio Today: 오늘  [oneul] Audio
Tonight: 오늘밤  [oneulbam] Audio Tomorrow: 내일  [nae-il] Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: 과일  [kwahil] Audio Apples: 사과  [sakwah] Audio
Bananas: 바나나  [banana] Audio Tomatoes: 토마토  [tomato] Audio
Potatoes: 감자  [kamja] Audio Onions: 양파  [yangpa] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: 빨강  [ppal-kang] Audio Green: 초록  [chorok] Audio
Blue: 파랑  [parang] Audio White: 백색  [baeksaek] Audio
Black: 검정  [heuksaek] Audio Grey: 회색  [hwehsaek] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: 아침 식사  [achim shiksa] Audio Lunch: 점심 식사  [jeomshim shiksa] Audio
Dinner: 저녁 식사  [jeonyeok shiksa] Audio Milk: 우유  [uyu] Audio
Coffee: 커피  [keopi] Audio Bread:   [ppang] Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: 화창한  [hwahchang-han] Audio Windy: 바람이 부는  [barami buneun] Audio
Rainy: 비가 오는  [bi-ga oneun] Audio Snowy: 눈이 오는  [nuni oneun] Audio
Cold: 추운  [chu-un] Audio Hot: 더운  [deoun] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: 소년  [sonyeon] Audio Girl: 소녀  [sonyeo] Audio
Son: 아들  [adeul] Audio Daughter:   [ttal] Audio
Brother:   [hyeong] Audio Sister: 언니  [eonni] Audio
Man: 남자  [namja] Audio Woman: 여자  [yeoja] Audio
Father: 아빠  [appa] Audio Mother: 엄마  [eomma] Audio
Grandfather: 할아버지  [harabeoji] Audio Grandmother: 할머니  [halmeoni] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House:   [jib] Audio Toilet: 화장실  [hwah-jangshil] Audio
Room:   [bang] Audio Bedroom: 침실  [chimshil] Audio
Kitchen: 부엌  [bu-eok] Audio Table: 식탁  [shiktak] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: 고양이  [koyangi] Audio Dog:   [kae] Audio
Mouse:   [jwii] Audio Bird:   [sae] Audio
Cow: 암소  [amso] Audio Horse:   [mal] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: 양말  [yangmal] Audio Shoes: 구두  [kudu] Audio
Trousers: 바지  [baji] Audio Shirt: 셔츠  [syeocheu] Audio
Sweater: 스웨터  [seuweteo] Audio Coat: 코트  [koteu] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: 영어  [yeongeo] Audio French: 프랑스어  [peurangseu-eo] Audio
German: 독어  [do-geo] Audio Spanish: 스페인어  [seupe-ineo] Audio
Italian: 이탈리아어  [italliae-o] Audio Portuguese: 포르투갈어  [poreutuga-reo] Audio
Greek: 그리스어  [keuriseu-eo] Audio Russian: 러시아어  [reoshiae-o] Audio
Arabic: 아랍어  [arabeo] Audio Hindi: 힌디어  [hindiyeo] Audio
Chinese: 중국어  [junggugeo] Audio Japanese: 일본어  [ilboneo] Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: 택시  [taekshi] Audio Bus: 버스  [beoseu] Audio
Hotel: 호텔  [hotel] Audio Reservation: 예약  [yeyak] Audio
Airport: 공항  [kong-hang] Audio Passport: 여권  [yeokwon] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: 학생  [haksaeng] Audio Teacher: 선생님  [seonsaeng-nim] Audio
Pen:   [pen] Audio Books: 서적  [seojeok] Audio
Page: 페이지  [pe-iji] Audio Dictionary: 사전  [sajeon] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand:   [son] Audio Feet:   [bal] Audio
Hair: 머리카락  [meori-garak] Audio Eye:   [nun] Audio
Mouth:   [ib] Audio Nose:   [ko] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: 구급차  [kugeubcha] Audio Doctor: 의사  [yisa] Audio
Hospital: 병원  [byeongwon] Audio Pharmacy: 약국  [yakkuk] Audio
Police: 경찰  [kyeong-chal] Audio Stomach Ache: 복통  [boktong] Audio

As you can see, this Korean vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Korean Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.