Russian Grammar

The Russian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Russian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: и  [i] Audio Under: под  [pod] Audio
Before: до  [do] Audio After: после  [poslye] Audio
Inside: внутри  [vnootri] Audio Outside: за пределами  [za pryedyelami] Audio
With: с  [s] Audio But: но  [no] Audio
For: для  [dlya] Audio From: от  [ot] Audio
To: к  [k] Audio In: в  [v] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: что?  [chto?] Audio Who?: кто?  [kto?] Audio
How?: каким образом?  [kakim obrazom?] Audio Why?: почему?  [pochyemoo?] Audio
Where?: где?  [gdye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: никогда  [nikogda] Audio Rarely: редко  [ryedko] Audio
Sometimes: иногда  [inogda] Audio Usually: обычно  [obichno] Audio
Always: всегда  [vsyegda] Audio Very: очень  [ochyenʲ] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Russian:

I: я  [ya] Audio You: вы  [vi] Audio
He: он  [on] Audio She: она  [ona] Audio
We: мы  [mi] Audio They: они  [oni] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мой  [moy] Audio Your: ваш  [vash] Audio
His: его  [yego] Audio Her: ее  [yeye] Audio
Our: наш  [nash] Audio Their: их  [ikh] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: я говорю по-английски  [ya govoryo po angliyski] Audio
You speak French: вы говорите по-французски  [vi govoritye po-frantzoozski] Audio
He speaks German: он говорит на немецком  [on govorit na nyemyetzkom] Audio
She speaks Italian: она говорит на итальянском  [ona govorit na italʲyanskom] Audio
I visited France: я посетил францию  [ya posyetil frantziyo] Audio
I will drink milk: я буду пить молоко  [ya boodoo pitʲ moloko] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: я вас понимаю  [ya vas ponimayo] Audio
I don't understand you: я вас не понимаю  [ya vas nye ponimayo] Audio
I don't speak French: я не говорю по-французски  [ya nye govoryo po-frantzoozski] Audio
This is my house: это мой дом  [eto moy dom] Audio
That restaurant is far: это ресторан далеко  [eto ryestoran dalyeko] Audio
No problem: нет проблем  [nyet problyem] Audio

The above Russian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Russian vocabulary to obtain some popular Russian phrases.

Russian Phrases

Russian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.