Russian Grammar

The Russian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Russian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: и  [i] Audio Under: под  [pod] Audio
Before: до  [do] Audio After: после  [poslye] Audio
Inside: внутри  [vnootri] Audio Outside: за пределами  [za pryedyelami] Audio
With: с  [s] Audio But: но  [no] Audio
For: для  [dlya] Audio From: от  [ot] Audio
To: к  [k] Audio In: в  [v] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: что?  [chto?] Audio Who?: кто?  [kto?] Audio
How?: каким образом?  [kakim obrazom?] Audio Why?: почему?  [pochyemoo?] Audio
Where?: где?  [gdye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: никогда  [nikogda] Audio Rarely: редко  [ryedko] Audio
Sometimes: иногда  [inogda] Audio Usually: обычно  [obichno] Audio
Always: всегда  [vsyegda] Audio Very: очень  [ochyenʲ] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Russian:

I: я  [ya] Audio You: вы  [vi] Audio
He: он  [on] Audio She: она  [ona] Audio
We: мы  [mi] Audio They: они  [oni] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мой  [moy] Audio Your: ваш  [vash] Audio
His: его  [yego] Audio Her: ее  [yeye] Audio
Our: наш  [nash] Audio Their: их  [ikh] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: я говорю по-английски  [ya govoryo po angliyski] Audio
You speak French: вы говорите по-французски  [vi govoritye po-frantzoozski] Audio
He speaks German: он говорит на немецком  [on govorit na nyemyetzkom] Audio
She speaks Italian: она говорит на итальянском  [ona govorit na italʲyanskom] Audio
I visited France: я посетил францию  [ya posyetil frantziyo] Audio
I will drink milk: я буду пить молоко  [ya boodoo pitʲ moloko] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: я вас понимаю  [ya vas ponimayo] Audio
I don't understand you: я вас не понимаю  [ya vas nye ponimayo] Audio
I don't speak French: я не говорю по-французски  [ya nye govoryo po-frantzoozski] Audio
This is my house: это мой дом  [eto moy dom] Audio
That restaurant is far: это ресторан далеко  [eto ryestoran dalyeko] Audio
No problem: нет проблем  [nyet problyem] Audio

The above Russian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Russian vocabulary to obtain some popular Russian phrases.

Russian Phrases

Russian Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.