Arabic Grammar

The Arabic grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Arabic and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: و  [wa] Audio Under: تحت  [that] Audio
Before: قبل  [qabl] Audio After: بعد  [baad] Audio
Inside: داخل  [dakhel] Audio Outside: خارج  [kharej] Audio
With: مع  [maa] Audio But: لكن  [laken] Audio
For: ل  [l] Audio From: من  [men] Audio
To: إلى  [ela] Audio In: في  [fe] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ماذا؟  [mada?] Audio Who?: من؟  [man?] Audio
How?: كيف؟  [kaif?] Audio Why?: لماذا؟  [lemada?] Audio
Where?: أين؟  [ayn?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: أبدا  [abadan] Audio Rarely: نادرا  [naderan] Audio
Sometimes: بعض الأحيان  [baad alahyan] Audio Usually: عادة  [adatan] Audio
Always: دائما  [daiman] Audio Very: كثير  [katheran] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Arabic:

I: أنا  [ana] Audio You: أنت  [ant] Audio
He: هو  [huwa] Audio She: هي  [hiya] Audio
We: نحن  [nahn] Audio They: هم  [hum] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ي  [i] Audio Your: ك  [k] Audio
His: ه  [h] Audio Her: ها  [ha] Audio
Our: نا  [na] Audio Their: هم  [hum] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: أتكلم الإنجليزية  [atakallam alinjlizia] Audio
You speak French: تتكلم الفرنسية  [tatakallam alfaransia] Audio
He speaks German: يتكلم الألمانية  [yatakallam alalmania] Audio
She speaks Italian: هي تتكلم الإيطالية  [tatakallam alitalia] Audio
I visited France: زرت فرنسا  [zurtu faransa] Audio
I will drink milk: سأشرب الحليب  [sa ashrab alhaleeb] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: أفهمك  [afhamuk] Audio
I don't understand you: لا أفهمك  [la afhamuk] Audio
I don't speak French: لا أتكلم الفرنسية  [la atakallam alfaransia] Audio
This is my house: هذا منزلي  [hada manzili] Audio
That restaurant is far: ذلك المطعم بعيد  [dalek almatam baed] Audio
No problem: لا مشكلة  [la mushkila] Audio

The above Arabic grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Arabic vocabulary to obtain some popular Arabic phrases.

Arabic Phrases

Arabic Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.