Arabic Grammar

The Arabic grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Arabic and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: و  [wa] Audio Under: تحت  [that] Audio
Before: قبل  [qabl] Audio After: بعد  [baad] Audio
Inside: داخل  [dakhel] Audio Outside: خارج  [kharej] Audio
With: مع  [maa] Audio But: لكن  [laken] Audio
For: ل  [l] Audio From: من  [men] Audio
To: إلى  [ela] Audio In: في  [fe] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ماذا؟  [mada?] Audio Who?: من؟  [man?] Audio
How?: كيف؟  [kaif?] Audio Why?: لماذا؟  [lemada?] Audio
Where?: أين؟  [ayn?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: أبدا  [abadan] Audio Rarely: نادرا  [naderan] Audio
Sometimes: بعض الأحيان  [baad alahyan] Audio Usually: عادة  [adatan] Audio
Always: دائما  [daiman] Audio Very: كثير  [katheran] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Arabic:

I: أنا  [ana] Audio You: أنت  [ant] Audio
He: هو  [huwa] Audio She: هي  [hiya] Audio
We: نحن  [nahn] Audio They: هم  [hum] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ي  [i] Audio Your: ك  [k] Audio
His: ه  [h] Audio Her: ها  [ha] Audio
Our: نا  [na] Audio Their: هم  [hum] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: أتكلم الإنجليزية  [atakallam alinjlizia] Audio
You speak French: تتكلم الفرنسية  [tatakallam alfaransia] Audio
He speaks German: يتكلم الألمانية  [yatakallam alalmania] Audio
She speaks Italian: هي تتكلم الإيطالية  [tatakallam alitalia] Audio
I visited France: زرت فرنسا  [zurtu faransa] Audio
I will drink milk: سأشرب الحليب  [sa ashrab alhaleeb] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: أفهمك  [afhamuk] Audio
I don't understand you: لا أفهمك  [la afhamuk] Audio
I don't speak French: لا أتكلم الفرنسية  [la atakallam alfaransia] Audio
This is my house: هذا منزلي  [hada manzili] Audio
That restaurant is far: ذلك المطعم بعيد  [dalek almatam baed] Audio
No problem: لا مشكلة  [la mushkila] Audio

The above Arabic grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Arabic vocabulary to obtain some popular Arabic phrases.

Arabic Phrases

Arabic Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.