Catalan Grammar

The Catalan grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Catalan and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: i  Audio Under: sota  Audio
Before: abans  Audio After: després de  Audio
Inside: dins/dintre  Audio Outside: fora  Audio
With: amb  Audio But: però  Audio
For: per  Audio From: de  Audio
To: a  Audio In: a/en  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: què?  Audio Who?: que?  Audio
How?: com?  Audio Why?: per què?  Audio
Where?: on?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: mai  Audio Rarely: poques vegades  Audio
Sometimes: de vegades  Audio Usually: habitualment  Audio
Always: sempre  Audio Very: molt  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Catalan:

I: jo  Audio You: tu/vostè/vosaltres  Audio
He: ell  Audio She: ella  Audio
We: nosaltres  Audio They: ells  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: el(s) meu(s)/la (les) meva (meves)  Audio Your: el(s) teu(s)/la (les) teva (teves)  Audio
His: el(s)seu(s)/ la (les) seva (seves)  Audio Her: el(s) seu(s)/la (les)seva (seves)  Audio
Our: el (la) nostre/els (les) nostres  Audio Their: el(s) seu(s)/la (les)seva (seves)  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: parlo anglès  Audio
You speak French: vostè parla francès  Audio
He speaks German: parla alemany  Audio
She speaks Italian: parla italià  Audio
I visited France: he visitat frança  Audio
I will drink milk: prendré llet  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: t'entenc  Audio
I don't understand you: no t'entenc  Audio
I don't speak French: no parlo francès  Audio
This is my house: aquesta és la meva casa  Audio
That restaurant is far: aquest restaurant és molt lluny  Audio
No problem: no hi ha cap problema  Audio

The above Catalan grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Catalan vocabulary to obtain some popular Catalan phrases.

Catalan Phrases

Catalan Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.