Catalan Grammar

The Catalan grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Catalan and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: i  Audio Under: sota  Audio
Before: abans  Audio After: després de  Audio
Inside: dins/dintre  Audio Outside: fora  Audio
With: amb  Audio But: però  Audio
For: per  Audio From: de  Audio
To: a  Audio In: a/en  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: què?  Audio Who?: que?  Audio
How?: com?  Audio Why?: per què?  Audio
Where?: on?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: mai  Audio Rarely: poques vegades  Audio
Sometimes: de vegades  Audio Usually: habitualment  Audio
Always: sempre  Audio Very: molt  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Catalan:

I: jo  Audio You: tu/vostè/vosaltres  Audio
He: ell  Audio She: ella  Audio
We: nosaltres  Audio They: ells  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: el(s) meu(s)/la (les) meva (meves)  Audio Your: el(s) teu(s)/la (les) teva (teves)  Audio
His: el(s)seu(s)/ la (les) seva (seves)  Audio Her: el(s) seu(s)/la (les)seva (seves)  Audio
Our: el (la) nostre/els (les) nostres  Audio Their: el(s) seu(s)/la (les)seva (seves)  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: parlo anglès  Audio
You speak French: vostè parla francès  Audio
He speaks German: parla alemany  Audio
She speaks Italian: parla italià  Audio
I visited France: he visitat frança  Audio
I will drink milk: prendré llet  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: t'entenc  Audio
I don't understand you: no t'entenc  Audio
I don't speak French: no parlo francès  Audio
This is my house: aquesta és la meva casa  Audio
That restaurant is far: aquest restaurant és molt lluny  Audio
No problem: no hi ha cap problema  Audio

The above Catalan grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Catalan vocabulary to obtain some popular Catalan phrases.

Catalan Phrases

Catalan Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.