Czech Grammar

The Czech grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Czech and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: a  Audio Under: pod  Audio
Before: před  Audio After: po  Audio
Inside: uvnitř  Audio Outside: mimo  Audio
With: s  Audio But: ale  Audio
For: pro  Audio From: od, z  Audio
To: na  Audio In: v  Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Co?  Audio Who?: Kdo?  Audio
How?: Jak (na to)?  Audio Why?: Proč?  Audio
Where?: Kde?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nikdy  Audio Rarely: zřídka  Audio
Sometimes: někdy  Audio Usually: obvykle  Audio
Always: vždy  Audio Very: velmi  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Czech:

I:   Audio You: ty, vy  Audio
He: on  Audio She: ona  Audio
We: my  Audio They: oni, ony  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: můj, moje  Audio Your: tvůj, tvoje, vaše, váš  Audio
His: jeho  Audio Her: její  Audio
Our: náš  Audio Their: jejich  Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Mluvím anglicky  Audio
You speak French: Mluvíte francouzsky  Audio
He speaks German: Hovoří německy  Audio
She speaks Italian: Mluví italsky  Audio
I visited France: Navštívil jsem Francii  Audio
I will drink milk: Budu pít mléko  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Já vám rozumím  Audio
I don't understand you: Já vám nerozumím  Audio
I don't speak French: Neumím francouzsky  Audio
This is my house: To je můj dům  Audio
That restaurant is far: Tato restaurace je daleko  Audio
No problem: není problém  Audio

The above Czech grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Czech vocabulary to obtain some popular Czech phrases.

Czech Phrases

Czech Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.