Czech Grammar

The Czech grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Czech and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: a  Audio Under: pod  Audio
Before: před  Audio After: po  Audio
Inside: uvnitř  Audio Outside: mimo  Audio
With: s  Audio But: ale  Audio
For: pro  Audio From: od, z  Audio
To: na  Audio In: v  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Co?  Audio Who?: Kdo?  Audio
How?: Jak (na to)?  Audio Why?: Proč?  Audio
Where?: Kde?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nikdy  Audio Rarely: zřídka  Audio
Sometimes: někdy  Audio Usually: obvykle  Audio
Always: vždy  Audio Very: velmi  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Czech:

I:   Audio You: ty, vy  Audio
He: on  Audio She: ona  Audio
We: my  Audio They: oni, ony  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: můj, moje  Audio Your: tvůj, tvoje, vaše, váš  Audio
His: jeho  Audio Her: její  Audio
Our: náš  Audio Their: jejich  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Mluvím anglicky  Audio
You speak French: Mluvíte francouzsky  Audio
He speaks German: Hovoří německy  Audio
She speaks Italian: Mluví italsky  Audio
I visited France: Navštívil jsem Francii  Audio
I will drink milk: Budu pít mléko  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Já vám rozumím  Audio
I don't understand you: Já vám nerozumím  Audio
I don't speak French: Neumím francouzsky  Audio
This is my house: To je můj dům  Audio
That restaurant is far: Tato restaurace je daleko  Audio
No problem: není problém  Audio

The above Czech grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Czech vocabulary to obtain some popular Czech phrases.

Czech Phrases

Czech Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.