Dutch Grammar

The Dutch grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Dutch and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   Audio Under: onder  Audio
Before: voor  Audio After: na  Audio
Inside: binnen  Audio Outside: buiten  Audio
With: met  Audio But: maar  Audio
For: voor  Audio From: uit/van  Audio
To: aan  Audio In: in  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: wat?  Audio Who?: wie?  Audio
How?: hoe?  Audio Why?: waarom?  Audio
Where?: waar?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nooit  Audio Rarely: zelden  Audio
Sometimes: soms  Audio Usually: gewoonlijk  Audio
Always: altijd  Audio Very: zeer/erg  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Dutch:

I: ik  Audio You: jij, je, u  Audio
He: hij  Audio She: zij, ze  Audio
We: wij, we  Audio They: zij  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mijn  Audio Your: jouw, uw  Audio
His: zijn  Audio Her: haar  Audio
Our: onze  Audio Their: hun  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ik spreek engels  Audio
You speak French: u spreekt frans  Audio
He speaks German: hij spreekt duits  Audio
She speaks Italian: ze spreekt italiaans  Audio
I visited France: ik bezocht frankrijk  Audio
I will drink milk: ik zal melk drinken  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ik begrijp je  Audio
I don't understand you: ik begrijp je niet  Audio
I don't speak French: ik spreek geen frans  Audio
This is my house: dit is mijn huis  Audio
That restaurant is far: dat restaurant is ver  Audio
No problem: geen probleem  Audio

The above Dutch grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Dutch vocabulary to obtain some popular Dutch phrases.

Dutch Phrases

Dutch Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.