Dutch Grammar

The Dutch grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Dutch and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   Audio Under: onder  Audio
Before: voor  Audio After: na  Audio
Inside: binnen  Audio Outside: buiten  Audio
With: met  Audio But: maar  Audio
For: voor  Audio From: uit/van  Audio
To: aan  Audio In: in  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: wat?  Audio Who?: wie?  Audio
How?: hoe?  Audio Why?: waarom?  Audio
Where?: waar?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nooit  Audio Rarely: zelden  Audio
Sometimes: soms  Audio Usually: gewoonlijk  Audio
Always: altijd  Audio Very: zeer/erg  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Dutch:

I: ik  Audio You: jij, je, u  Audio
He: hij  Audio She: zij, ze  Audio
We: wij, we  Audio They: zij  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mijn  Audio Your: jouw, uw  Audio
His: zijn  Audio Her: haar  Audio
Our: onze  Audio Their: hun  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ik spreek engels  Audio
You speak French: u spreekt frans  Audio
He speaks German: hij spreekt duits  Audio
She speaks Italian: ze spreekt italiaans  Audio
I visited France: ik bezocht frankrijk  Audio
I will drink milk: ik zal melk drinken  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ik begrijp je  Audio
I don't understand you: ik begrijp je niet  Audio
I don't speak French: ik spreek geen frans  Audio
This is my house: dit is mijn huis  Audio
That restaurant is far: dat restaurant is ver  Audio
No problem: geen probleem  Audio

The above Dutch grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Dutch vocabulary to obtain some popular Dutch phrases.

Dutch Phrases

Dutch Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.