Egyptian Grammar

The Egyptian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Egyptian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: وَ  [we] Audio Under: تحت  [that] Audio
Before: قبل  [abl] Audio After: بعد  [ba'd] Audio
Inside: جوه  [guwa] Audio Outside: برة  [barra] Audio
With: مع  [ma'a] Audio But: بس  [bas] Audio
For: ل  [le] Audio From: من  [men ] Audio
To: ل  [le] Audio In: في  [fe] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: إيه؟  [eeh?] Audio Who?: مِين؟  [meen?] Audio
How?: إزّاي؟  [ezay?] Audio Why?: ليه؟  [leeh?] Audio
Where?: فين؟  [feen?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: أبدًا  [abadan] Audio Rarely: نادرًا  [naderan] Audio
Sometimes: أحيانـًا  [ahyanan] Audio Usually: عادًة  [adatan] Audio
Always: دايماً  [dayman] Audio Very: جداَ  [gedan] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Egyptian:

I: أنا  [ana] Audio You: إنتَ, إنتِ  [enta, enti] Audio
He: هُوَّا  [huwa] Audio She: هِيَّا  [hiya] Audio
We: اِحْنا  [ehna] Audio They: هُمَّا  [humma] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ــــي  [~ee] Audio Your: ــــَك  [~k] Audio
His: ــــُه  [~h] Audio Her: ــــها  [~ha] Audio
Our: ــــنا  [~na] Audio Their: ــــهم  [~hum] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: أنا بَتكَلِّم إنجليزي  [ana batkalem egelizi] Audio
You speak French: إنت بِتِتكَلِّم فَرَنساوي  [enta betetkalem faransawi] Audio
He speaks German: هُوَّا بِيتكَلِّم ألماني  [huwa beyetkalem almani] Audio
She speaks Italian: هِيَّا بِتِتكَلِّم إيطالي  [hiya betetkalem itali] Audio
I visited France: أنا زُرت فَرَنسا  [ana zurt faransa] Audio
I will drink milk: أنا حاشرَب لَبَن  [ana hashrab laban] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: أنا فاهمَك  [ana fahmak] Audio
I don't understand you: أنا مِش فاهمَك  [ana mesh fahmak] Audio
I don't speak French: أنا مَبَتكَلِمش فَرَنساوي  [ana mabatkalemsh faransawi] Audio
This is my house: دا بِيتي  [da bete] Audio
That restaurant is far: المَطعَم اللي هِناك بِعيد  [elmat'am elli henak be'ed] Audio
No problem: مَفيش مُشكِلَة  [mafeesh mushkila] Audio

The above Egyptian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Egyptian vocabulary to obtain some popular Egyptian phrases.

Egyptian Phrases

Egyptian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.