Egyptian Grammar

The Egyptian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Egyptian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: وَ  [we] Audio Under: تحت  [that] Audio
Before: قبل  [abl] Audio After: بعد  [ba'd] Audio
Inside: جوه  [guwa] Audio Outside: برة  [barra] Audio
With: مع  [ma'a] Audio But: بس  [bas] Audio
For: ل  [le] Audio From: من  [men ] Audio
To: ل  [le] Audio In: في  [fe] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: إيه؟  [eeh?] Audio Who?: مِين؟  [meen?] Audio
How?: إزّاي؟  [ezay?] Audio Why?: ليه؟  [leeh?] Audio
Where?: فين؟  [feen?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: أبدًا  [abadan] Audio Rarely: نادرًا  [naderan] Audio
Sometimes: أحيانـًا  [ahyanan] Audio Usually: عادًة  [adatan] Audio
Always: دايماً  [dayman] Audio Very: جداَ  [gedan] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Egyptian:

I: أنا  [ana] Audio You: إنتَ, إنتِ  [enta, enti] Audio
He: هُوَّا  [huwa] Audio She: هِيَّا  [hiya] Audio
We: اِحْنا  [ehna] Audio They: هُمَّا  [humma] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ــــي  [~ee] Audio Your: ــــَك  [~k] Audio
His: ــــُه  [~h] Audio Her: ــــها  [~ha] Audio
Our: ــــنا  [~na] Audio Their: ــــهم  [~hum] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: أنا بَتكَلِّم إنجليزي  [ana batkalem egelizi] Audio
You speak French: إنت بِتِتكَلِّم فَرَنساوي  [enta betetkalem faransawi] Audio
He speaks German: هُوَّا بِيتكَلِّم ألماني  [huwa beyetkalem almani] Audio
She speaks Italian: هِيَّا بِتِتكَلِّم إيطالي  [hiya betetkalem itali] Audio
I visited France: أنا زُرت فَرَنسا  [ana zurt faransa] Audio
I will drink milk: أنا حاشرَب لَبَن  [ana hashrab laban] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: أنا فاهمَك  [ana fahmak] Audio
I don't understand you: أنا مِش فاهمَك  [ana mesh fahmak] Audio
I don't speak French: أنا مَبَتكَلِمش فَرَنساوي  [ana mabatkalemsh faransawi] Audio
This is my house: دا بِيتي  [da bete] Audio
That restaurant is far: المَطعَم اللي هِناك بِعيد  [elmat'am elli henak be'ed] Audio
No problem: مَفيش مُشكِلَة  [mafeesh mushkila] Audio

The above Egyptian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Egyptian vocabulary to obtain some popular Egyptian phrases.

Egyptian Phrases

Egyptian Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.