Filipino Grammar

The Filipino grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Filipino and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: at  Audio Under: sa ilalim  Audio
Before: bago  Audio After: pagkatapos  Audio
Inside: sa loob  Audio Outside: sa labas  Audio
With: kasama  Audio But: pero  Audio
For: para sa  Audio From: mula sa  Audio
To: sa  Audio In: sa  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ano?  Audio Who?: sino?  Audio
How?: paano?  Audio Why?: bakit?  Audio
Where?: saan?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: hindi kailanman  Audio Rarely: madalang  Audio
Sometimes: kung minsan  Audio Usually: karaniwan  Audio
Always: lagi  Audio Very: napaka  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Filipino:

I: ako  Audio You: ikaw  Audio
He: siya  Audio She: siya  Audio
We: kami  Audio They: sila  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ko  Audio Your: iyong  Audio
His: ang kanyang  Audio Her: ang kanyang  Audio
Our: ang aming  Audio Their: ang kanilang  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: nagsasalita ako ng ingles  Audio
You speak French: nagsasalita ka ng pranses  Audio
He speaks German: siya ay nagsasalita ng aleman  Audio
She speaks Italian: siya ay nagsasalita ng italyano  Audio
I visited France: binisita ko ang pransya  Audio
I will drink milk: iinom ako ng gatas  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: nauunawaan kita  Audio
I don't understand you: hindi kita maintindihan  Audio
I don't speak French: hindi ako nagsasalita ng pranses  Audio
This is my house: ito ay ang aking bahay  Audio
That restaurant is far: restaurant na malayo  Audio
No problem: walang problema  Audio

The above Filipino grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Filipino vocabulary to obtain some popular Filipino phrases.

Filipino Phrases

Filipino Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.