Greek Grammar

The Greek grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Greek and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: και  [kai] Audio Under: υπό  [epo] Audio
Before: προτού  [protoύ] Audio After: μετά  [meta] Audio
Inside: εντός  [entos] Audio Outside: εκτός  [ektos] Audio
With: με  [me] Audio But: αλλά  [alla] Audio
For: για  [yia] Audio From: από  [apo] Audio
To: να  [na] Audio In: σε  [se] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: τι;  [ti;] Audio Who?: ποιος;  [poios;] Audio
How?: πώς;  [pos;] Audio Why?: γιατί;  [yiati;] Audio
Where?: πού;  [poύ;] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ποτέ  [pote] Audio Rarely: σχεδόν ποτέ  [schethon pote] Audio
Sometimes: μερικές φορές  [merikes fores] Audio Usually: συνήθως  [senethos] Audio
Always: πάντοτε  [pantote] Audio Very: πολύ  [polύ] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Greek:

I: εγώ  [eyo] Audio You: εσείς  [eseis] Audio
He: αυτός  [aetos] Audio She: αυτή  [aete] Audio
We: εμείς  [emeis] Audio They: αυτοί  [aetoi] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: μου  [moe] Audio Your: σας  [sas] Audio
His: του  [toe] Audio Her: της  [tes] Audio
Our: μας  [mas] Audio Their: τους  [toes] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: μιλάω αγγλικά  [milao ayylika] Audio
You speak French: μιλάτε γαλλικά  [milate yallika] Audio
He speaks German: μιλάει γερμανικά  [milaei yermanika] Audio
She speaks Italian: μιλάει ιταλικά  [milaei italika] Audio
I visited France: επισκέφθηκα τη γαλλία  [episkeftheka te yallia] Audio
I will drink milk: θα πιω γάλα  [tha pio yala] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: σας καταλαβαίνω  [sas katalavaino] Audio
I don't understand you: δεν σας καταλαβαίνω  [then sas katalavaino] Audio
I don't speak French: δεν μιλώ γαλλικά  [then milo yallika] Audio
This is my house: αυτό είναι το σπίτι μου  [aeto einai to spiti moe] Audio
That restaurant is far: αυτό το εστιατόριο είναι μακριά  [aeto to estiatorio einai makria] Audio
No problem: κανένα πρόβλημα  [kanena provlema] Audio

The above Greek grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Greek vocabulary to obtain some popular Greek phrases.

Greek Phrases

Greek Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.