Greek Grammar

The Greek grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Greek and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: και  [kai] Audio Under: υπό  [epo] Audio
Before: προτού  [protoύ] Audio After: μετά  [meta] Audio
Inside: εντός  [entos] Audio Outside: εκτός  [ektos] Audio
With: με  [me] Audio But: αλλά  [alla] Audio
For: για  [yia] Audio From: από  [apo] Audio
To: να  [na] Audio In: σε  [se] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: τι;  [ti;] Audio Who?: ποιος;  [poios;] Audio
How?: πώς;  [pos;] Audio Why?: γιατί;  [yiati;] Audio
Where?: πού;  [poύ;] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ποτέ  [pote] Audio Rarely: σχεδόν ποτέ  [schethon pote] Audio
Sometimes: μερικές φορές  [merikes fores] Audio Usually: συνήθως  [senethos] Audio
Always: πάντοτε  [pantote] Audio Very: πολύ  [polύ] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Greek:

I: εγώ  [eyo] Audio You: εσείς  [eseis] Audio
He: αυτός  [aetos] Audio She: αυτή  [aete] Audio
We: εμείς  [emeis] Audio They: αυτοί  [aetoi] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: μου  [moe] Audio Your: σας  [sas] Audio
His: του  [toe] Audio Her: της  [tes] Audio
Our: μας  [mas] Audio Their: τους  [toes] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: μιλάω αγγλικά  [milao ayylika] Audio
You speak French: μιλάτε γαλλικά  [milate yallika] Audio
He speaks German: μιλάει γερμανικά  [milaei yermanika] Audio
She speaks Italian: μιλάει ιταλικά  [milaei italika] Audio
I visited France: επισκέφθηκα τη γαλλία  [episkeftheka te yallia] Audio
I will drink milk: θα πιω γάλα  [tha pio yala] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: σας καταλαβαίνω  [sas katalavaino] Audio
I don't understand you: δεν σας καταλαβαίνω  [then sas katalavaino] Audio
I don't speak French: δεν μιλώ γαλλικά  [then milo yallika] Audio
This is my house: αυτό είναι το σπίτι μου  [aeto einai to spiti moe] Audio
That restaurant is far: αυτό το εστιατόριο είναι μακριά  [aeto to estiatorio einai makria] Audio
No problem: κανένα πρόβλημα  [kanena provlema] Audio

The above Greek grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Greek vocabulary to obtain some popular Greek phrases.

Greek Phrases

Greek Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.