Greenlandic Grammar

The Greenlandic grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Greenlandic and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: aamma  Audio Under: malillugu  Audio
Before: itsaligami  Audio After: annguppoq  Audio
Inside: -ut  Audio Outside: kinnga  Audio
With: -mik, -nik  Audio But: kisianni  Audio
For: ilupaqut  Audio From: -mit, -nit  Audio
To: -kkut, -tigut  Audio In: -mi, -ni  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: suna?  Audio Who?: kikkut?  Audio
How?: qanoq?  Audio Why?: sooq?  Audio
Where?: sumi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nikuu  Audio Rarely: akuttusuumik  Audio
Sometimes: ilaanni  Audio Usually: pisarnertut  Audio
Always: tamatigut  Audio Very: assut  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Greenlandic:

I: uanga  Audio You: illit  Audio
He: una  Audio She: una  Audio
We: uagut  Audio They: uku  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: -ra  Audio Your: -ut  Audio
His: -a  Audio Her: -a  Audio
Our: -rput  Audio Their: -at  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Tuluttut oqalussinnaavunga  Audio
You speak French: Franskisut oqalussinnaavutit  Audio
He speaks German: Tyskisut oqalussinnaavoq  Audio
She speaks Italian: Italiamiutut oqalussinnaavoq  Audio
I visited France: Frankrigimiippunga  Audio
I will drink milk: Immummik imerumavunga  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Paasingilara  Audio
I don't understand you: Paasinngilara  Audio
I don't speak French: Franskisut oqaluttanngilanga  Audio
This is my house: Tassa illora  Audio
That restaurant is far: Neriniartarfik taanna ungaseqaaq  Audio
No problem: ajunngilaq  Audio

The above Greenlandic grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Greenlandic vocabulary to obtain some popular Greenlandic phrases.

Greenlandic Phrases

Greenlandic Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.