Greenlandic Grammar

The Greenlandic grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Greenlandic and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: aamma  Audio Under: malillugu  Audio
Before: itsaligami  Audio After: annguppoq  Audio
Inside: -ut  Audio Outside: kinnga  Audio
With: -mik, -nik  Audio But: kisianni  Audio
For: ilupaqut  Audio From: -mit, -nit  Audio
To: -kkut, -tigut  Audio In: -mi, -ni  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: suna?  Audio Who?: kikkut?  Audio
How?: qanoq?  Audio Why?: sooq?  Audio
Where?: sumi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nikuu  Audio Rarely: akuttusuumik  Audio
Sometimes: ilaanni  Audio Usually: pisarnertut  Audio
Always: tamatigut  Audio Very: assut  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Greenlandic:

I: uanga  Audio You: illit  Audio
He: una  Audio She: una  Audio
We: uagut  Audio They: uku  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: -ra  Audio Your: -ut  Audio
His: -a  Audio Her: -a  Audio
Our: -rput  Audio Their: -at  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Tuluttut oqalussinnaavunga  Audio
You speak French: Franskisut oqalussinnaavutit  Audio
He speaks German: Tyskisut oqalussinnaavoq  Audio
She speaks Italian: Italiamiutut oqalussinnaavoq  Audio
I visited France: Frankrigimiippunga  Audio
I will drink milk: Immummik imerumavunga  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Paasingilara  Audio
I don't understand you: Paasinngilara  Audio
I don't speak French: Franskisut oqaluttanngilanga  Audio
This is my house: Tassa illora  Audio
That restaurant is far: Neriniartarfik taanna ungaseqaaq  Audio
No problem: ajunngilaq  Audio

The above Greenlandic grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Greenlandic vocabulary to obtain some popular Greenlandic phrases.

Greenlandic Phrases

Greenlandic Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.