Icelandic Grammar

The Icelandic grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Icelandic and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: og  Audio Under: undir  Audio
Before: áður en  Audio After: eftir  Audio
Inside: inni í  Audio Outside: úti  Audio
With: með  Audio But: en  Audio
For: fyrir  Audio From: frá  Audio
To: til  Audio In: í  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: hvað?  Audio Who?: hver?  Audio
How?: hvernig?  Audio Why?: hvers vegna?  Audio
Where?: hvar?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: aldrei  Audio Rarely: sjaldan  Audio
Sometimes: stundum  Audio Usually: venjulega  Audio
Always: alltaf  Audio Very: mjög  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Icelandic:

I: ég  Audio You: þú  Audio
He: hann  Audio She: hún  Audio
We: við  Audio They: þeir/þær/þau  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: minn/mín/mitt  Audio Your: þinn/þín/þitt  Audio
His: hans  Audio Her: hennar  Audio
Our: okkar  Audio Their: þeirra  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ég tala ensku  Audio
You speak French: þú talar frönsku  Audio
He speaks German: hann talar þýsku  Audio
She speaks Italian: hún talar ítölsku  Audio
I visited France: ég heimsótti frakkland  Audio
I will drink milk: ég mun drekka mjólk  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ég skil þig  Audio
I don't understand you: ég skil þig ekki  Audio
I don't speak French: ég tala ekki frönsku  Audio
This is my house: þetta er mitt hús  Audio
That restaurant is far: þetta veitingahús er langt í burtu  Audio
No problem: ekkert vandamál  Audio

The above Icelandic grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Icelandic vocabulary to obtain some popular Icelandic phrases.

Icelandic Phrases

Icelandic Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.