Icelandic Grammar

The Icelandic grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Icelandic and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: og  Audio Under: undir  Audio
Before: áður en  Audio After: eftir  Audio
Inside: inni í  Audio Outside: úti  Audio
With: með  Audio But: en  Audio
For: fyrir  Audio From: frá  Audio
To: til  Audio In: í  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: hvað?  Audio Who?: hver?  Audio
How?: hvernig?  Audio Why?: hvers vegna?  Audio
Where?: hvar?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: aldrei  Audio Rarely: sjaldan  Audio
Sometimes: stundum  Audio Usually: venjulega  Audio
Always: alltaf  Audio Very: mjög  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Icelandic:

I: ég  Audio You: þú  Audio
He: hann  Audio She: hún  Audio
We: við  Audio They: þeir/þær/þau  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: minn/mín/mitt  Audio Your: þinn/þín/þitt  Audio
His: hans  Audio Her: hennar  Audio
Our: okkar  Audio Their: þeirra  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ég tala ensku  Audio
You speak French: þú talar frönsku  Audio
He speaks German: hann talar þýsku  Audio
She speaks Italian: hún talar ítölsku  Audio
I visited France: ég heimsótti frakkland  Audio
I will drink milk: ég mun drekka mjólk  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ég skil þig  Audio
I don't understand you: ég skil þig ekki  Audio
I don't speak French: ég tala ekki frönsku  Audio
This is my house: þetta er mitt hús  Audio
That restaurant is far: þetta veitingahús er langt í burtu  Audio
No problem: ekkert vandamál  Audio

The above Icelandic grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Icelandic vocabulary to obtain some popular Icelandic phrases.

Icelandic Phrases

Icelandic Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.