Igbo Grammar

The Igbo grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Igbo and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: na Under: n'okpuru
Before: tupu After: n'ikpeazụ
Inside: n'ime Outside: n'ihe/n'ilo
With: na But: mana
For: maka From: si
To: je In: ime

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: gịnị/ọ gịnị? Who?: onye?
How?: kedụ? Why?: maka gịnị?
Where?: ebee?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ma ncha Rarely: tara akpụ
Sometimes: mgbe ụfọdụ Usually: mgbe n'ine
Always: mgbe n'ine Very: ọfụma ọfụma

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Most commonly used pronouns in Igbo:

I: mụ, mụwa You: gị, gịwa
He: She:
We: anyị They: ha, hawa

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: nke m Your: nke gị
His: nke ya Her: nke ya
Our: nke anyị Their: nke ha

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: a ma m asụ bekee
You speak French: ị ma asụ asụsụ ndị France
He speaks German: ọ na asụ asụsụ ndị Germany
She speaks Italian: ọ na asụ asụsụ ndị Italy
I visited France: e jere m France
I will drink milk: m ga aňụ ala-efi


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: a ghọtara m gị
I don't understand you: a ghọtarọ m gị
I don't speak French: a dịghị m asụ asụsụ ndị french
This is my house: ihe a bụ ụlọ m
That restaurant is far: ụlọnri ahụ tee aka
No problem: nsogbu adịrọ

The above Igbo grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Igbo vocabulary to obtain some popular Igbo phrases.

Igbo Phrases

Igbo Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.