Indonesian Grammar

The Indonesian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Indonesian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: dan  Audio Under: bawah  Audio
Before: sebelum  Audio After: setelah  Audio
Inside: dalam  Audio Outside: di luar  Audio
With: dengan  Audio But: tapi  Audio
For: untuk  Audio From: dari  Audio
To: untuk  Audio In: di  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: apa?  Audio Who?: siapa?  Audio
How?: bagaimana?  Audio Why?: mengapa?  Audio
Where?: dimana?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: tak pernah  Audio Rarely: jarang  Audio
Sometimes: kadang-kadang  Audio Usually: biasanya  Audio
Always: selalu  Audio Very: sangat  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Indonesian:

I: aku  Audio You: kau, kamu  Audio
He: dia  Audio She: dia  Audio
We: kita  Audio They: mereka  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: saya  Audio Your: anda  Audio
His: dia  Audio Her: dia  Audio
Our: kami  Audio Their: mereka  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: saya berbicara bahasa inggris  Audio
You speak French: anda berbicara bahasa perancis  Audio
He speaks German: ia berbicara bahasa jerman  Audio
She speaks Italian: ia berbicara bahasa italia  Audio
I visited France: saya mengunjungi prancis  Audio
I will drink milk: saya akan minum susu  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: saya memahami anda  Audio
I don't understand you: saya tidak mengerti anda  Audio
I don't speak French: saya tidak bisa bahasa prancis  Audio
This is my house: ini rumah saya  Audio
That restaurant is far: restoran itu jauh  Audio
No problem: tidak ada masalah  Audio

The above Indonesian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Indonesian vocabulary to obtain some popular Indonesian phrases.

Indonesian Phrases

Indonesian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.