Indonesian Grammar

The Indonesian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Indonesian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: dan  Audio Under: bawah  Audio
Before: sebelum  Audio After: setelah  Audio
Inside: dalam  Audio Outside: di luar  Audio
With: dengan  Audio But: tapi  Audio
For: untuk  Audio From: dari  Audio
To: untuk  Audio In: di  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: apa?  Audio Who?: siapa?  Audio
How?: bagaimana?  Audio Why?: mengapa?  Audio
Where?: dimana?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: tak pernah  Audio Rarely: jarang  Audio
Sometimes: kadang-kadang  Audio Usually: biasanya  Audio
Always: selalu  Audio Very: sangat  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Indonesian:

I: aku  Audio You: kau, kamu  Audio
He: dia  Audio She: dia  Audio
We: kita  Audio They: mereka  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: saya  Audio Your: anda  Audio
His: dia  Audio Her: dia  Audio
Our: kami  Audio Their: mereka  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: saya berbicara bahasa inggris  Audio
You speak French: anda berbicara bahasa perancis  Audio
He speaks German: ia berbicara bahasa jerman  Audio
She speaks Italian: ia berbicara bahasa italia  Audio
I visited France: saya mengunjungi prancis  Audio
I will drink milk: saya akan minum susu  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: saya memahami anda  Audio
I don't understand you: saya tidak mengerti anda  Audio
I don't speak French: saya tidak bisa bahasa prancis  Audio
This is my house: ini rumah saya  Audio
That restaurant is far: restoran itu jauh  Audio
No problem: tidak ada masalah  Audio

The above Indonesian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Indonesian vocabulary to obtain some popular Indonesian phrases.

Indonesian Phrases

Indonesian Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.