Italian Grammar

The Italian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Italian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: e  Audio Under: sotto  Audio
Before: prima  Audio After: dopo  Audio
Inside: dentro  Audio Outside: al di fuori  Audio
With: con  Audio But: ma  Audio
For: per  Audio From: da  Audio
To: a  Audio In: in  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: che cosa?  Audio Who?: chi?  Audio
How?: come?  Audio Why?: perché?  Audio
Where?: dove?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: mai  Audio Rarely: raramente  Audio
Sometimes: a volte  Audio Usually: solitamente  Audio
Always: sempre  Audio Very: molto  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Italian:

I: io  Audio You: tu, lei  Audio
He: egli  Audio She: ella  Audio
We: noi  Audio They: essi  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: il mio  Audio Your: il tuo/la tua  Audio
His: il suo/la sua  Audio Her: il suo/la sua  Audio
Our: il nostro/la nostra  Audio Their: il/la loro  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: io parlo inglese  Audio
You speak French: tu parli francese  Audio
He speaks German: egli parla tedesco  Audio
She speaks Italian: ella parla italiano  Audio
I visited France: io ho visitato la francia  Audio
I will drink milk: io berrò il latte  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ho capito  Audio
I don't understand you: non ho capito  Audio
I don't speak French: non parlo francese  Audio
This is my house: questa è la mia casa  Audio
That restaurant is far: questo ristorante è lontano  Audio
No problem: nessun problema  Audio

The above Italian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Italian vocabulary to obtain some popular Italian phrases.

Italian Phrases

Italian Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.