Italian Grammar

The Italian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Italian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: e  Audio Under: sotto  Audio
Before: prima  Audio After: dopo  Audio
Inside: dentro  Audio Outside: al di fuori  Audio
With: con  Audio But: ma  Audio
For: per  Audio From: da  Audio
To: a  Audio In: in  Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: che cosa?  Audio Who?: chi?  Audio
How?: come?  Audio Why?: perché?  Audio
Where?: dove?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: mai  Audio Rarely: raramente  Audio
Sometimes: a volte  Audio Usually: solitamente  Audio
Always: sempre  Audio Very: molto  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Italian:

I: io  Audio You: tu, lei  Audio
He: egli  Audio She: ella  Audio
We: noi  Audio They: essi  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: il mio  Audio Your: il tuo/la tua  Audio
His: il suo/la sua  Audio Her: il suo/la sua  Audio
Our: il nostro/la nostra  Audio Their: il/la loro  Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: io parlo inglese  Audio
You speak French: tu parli francese  Audio
He speaks German: egli parla tedesco  Audio
She speaks Italian: ella parla italiano  Audio
I visited France: io ho visitato la francia  Audio
I will drink milk: io berrò il latte  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ho capito  Audio
I don't understand you: non ho capito  Audio
I don't speak French: non parlo francese  Audio
This is my house: questa è la mia casa  Audio
That restaurant is far: questo ristorante è lontano  Audio
No problem: nessun problema  Audio

The above Italian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Italian vocabulary to obtain some popular Italian phrases.

Italian Phrases

Italian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.