Javanese Grammar

The Javanese grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Javanese and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: lan Under: ing ngisor
Before: sak durunge After: sak uwise
Inside: ing jerone Outside: ing jabane
With: kanthi But: ananging
For: kanggo From: saka
To: menyang In: ing

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: apa? Who?: sapa?
How?: piye? Why?: kenapa?
Where?: ing ngendi?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ora tau/ora pernah Rarely: jarang
Sometimes: kadang-kadang Usually: biasane
Always: mesti Very: banget

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Most commonly used pronouns in Javanese:

I: aku You: kowe/awakmu
He: dheweke She: dheweke
We: kita They: dheweke

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ku (mobilku) Your: mu
His: gone dheweke Her: gone dheweke
Our: gone dewe Their: gone dheweke

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: aku bisa ngomong cara Inggris
You speak French: kowe ngomong cara Prancis
He speaks German: dheweke ngomong cara Jerman
She speaks Italian: dheweke ngomong cara Italia
I visited France: aku ngunjungi Prancis
I will drink milk: aku bakal ngombe susu


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: aku mangerteni kowe
I don't understand you: aku ora mangerteni kowe
I don't speak French: aku ora bisa cara Prancis
This is my house: iki omahku
That restaurant is far: restoran iku adoh
No problem: ora masalah

The above Javanese grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Javanese vocabulary to obtain some popular Javanese phrases.

Javanese Phrases

Javanese Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.