Khmer Grammar

The Khmer grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Khmer and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: និង  Audio Under: ក្រោម  Audio
Before: មុន  Audio After: ក្រោយមក / បន្ទាប់មក  Audio
Inside: ខាងក្នុង  Audio Outside: ខាងក្រៅ  Audio
With: ជាមួយ  Audio But: ប៉ុន្តែ  Audio
For: សម្រាប់ / ចំពោះ  Audio From: ពី / មកពី  Audio
To: ទៅ/ឆ្ពោះ  Audio In: ក្នុង  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: អ្វី?  Audio Who?: អ្នកណា?  Audio
How?: យ៉ាងម៉េច?  Audio Why?: ហេតុអ្វី?  Audio
Where?: នៅណា?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: មិនដែល  Audio Rarely: ដោយកម្រ  Audio
Sometimes: ពេលខ្លះ  Audio Usually: តាមធម្មតា  Audio
Always: ជានិច្ចកាល  Audio Very: ណាស់  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Khmer:

I: ខ្ញុំ  Audio You: លោក/អ្នក  Audio
He: គាត់  Audio She: នាង  Audio
We: យើង  Audio They: ពួកគេ  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: របស់ខ្ញុំ  Audio Your: របស់លោក/អ្នក  Audio
His: របស់គាត់  Audio Her: របស់នាង  Audio
Our: របស់យើង  Audio Their: របស់ពួកគេ  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ខ្ញុំនិយាយភាសាអង់គ្លេស  Audio
You speak French: គាត់និយាយភាសាបារាំង  Audio
He speaks German: គាត់និយាយភាសាអាលីម៉ង់  Audio
She speaks Italian: នាងនិយាយភាសាអ៊ីតាលី  Audio
I visited France: ខ្ញុំបានទៅលេងប្រទេសបារាំង  Audio
I will drink milk: ខ្ញុំ​និងផឹក​ទឹកដោះគោ  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ខ្ញុំ​យល់​អំពី​អ្នក  Audio
I don't understand you: ខ្ញុំ​មិនយល់​អំពី​អ្នក  Audio
I don't speak French: ខ្ញុំ​មិន​និយាយ​ភាសា​បារាំង  Audio
This is my house: នេះគឺជាផ្ទះ​របស់ខ្ញុំ  Audio
That restaurant is far: ភោជនីយដ្ថាន​នៅ​ឆ្ងាយ  Audio
No problem: គ្មាន​បញ្ហា  Audio

The above Khmer grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Khmer vocabulary to obtain some popular Khmer phrases.

Khmer Phrases

Khmer Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.