Latin Vocabulary

The Latin vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: unus  Audio Two: duo  Audio Three: tres  Audio
Four: quattuor  Audio Five: quinque  Audio Six: sex  Audio
Seven: septem  Audio Eight: octo  Audio Nine: novem  Audio
Ten: decem  Audio First: primus  Audio Second: secundus  Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: lunae dies  Audio Tuesday: martis dies  Audio Wednesday: mercuri dies  Audio
Thursday: iovis dies  Audio Friday: veneris dies  Audio Saturday: saturni dies  Audio
Sunday: soli dies  Audio Now: nunc  Audio Yesterday: heri  Audio
Today: hodie  Audio Tonight: hac nocte  Audio Tomorrow: cras  Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: fructus  Audio Apples: poma  Audio
Bananas: bananae   Audio Tomatoes: solana lycopersica  Audio
Potatoes: solani tubera  Audio Onions: caepia  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: ruber   Audio Green: viridis   Audio Blue: caeruleus  Audio
White: albus   Audio Black: niger   Audio Grey: ravus  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: ientaculum  Audio Lunch: prandium  Audio
Dinner: cena  Audio Milk: lac  Audio
Coffee: coffeum  Audio Bread: panis  Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: apricus  Audio Windy: ventosus  Audio Rainy: pluvius  Audio
Snowy: nivosus  Audio Cold: frigidus  Audio Hot: calidus  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: puer  Audio Girl: puella  Audio
Son: filius  Audio Daughter: filia  Audio
Brother: frater  Audio Sister: soror  Audio
Man: vir  Audio Woman: mulier  Audio
Father: pater  Audio Mother: mater  Audio
Grandfather: avus  Audio Grandmother: avia  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: domus  Audio Toilet: latrina  Audio Room: camera  Audio
Bedroom: cubiculum  Audio Kitchen: culina  Audio Table: mensa  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: feles  Audio Dog: canis   Audio Mouse: mus  Audio
Bird: avis  Audio Cow: vacca  Audio Horse: equus   Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: tibialia  Audio Shoes: calcei  Audio Trousers: bracae  Audio
Shirt: subucula  Audio Sweater: hoodie  Audio Coat: paenula  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: britannicus  Audio French: gallicus  Audio German: germanicus  Audio
Spanish: hispanicus  Audio Italian: italicus  Audio Portuguese: portuguese  Audio
Greek: graecus  Audio Russian: russica  Audio Arabic: arabicus  Audio
Hindi: lingua indica  Audio Chinese: sinica; sinensis  Audio Japanese: iaponicus  Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taxiraeda  Audio Bus: laophorium  Audio
Hotel: deversorium  Audio Reservation: reservatio  Audio
Airport: aeroportus  Audio Passport: singraphus  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: discipulus  Audio Teacher: magister  Audio Pen: calamus  Audio
Books: libri  Audio Page: page  Audio Dictionary: verborum thesaurus  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: manus  Audio Feet: pedes  Audio Hair: crines  Audio
Eye: oculus  Audio Mouth: os  Audio Nose: nasus  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ambulance  Audio Doctor: medicus  Audio
Hospital: valetudinarium  Audio Pharmacy: medicamentarii taberna  Audio
Police: vigiles  Audio Stomach Ache: dolor ventris  Audio

As you can see, this Latin vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Latin Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.