Macedonian Grammar

The Macedonian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Macedonian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: и  [i] Audio Under: под  [pod] Audio
Before: пред  [pryed] Audio After: по  [po] Audio
Inside: внатре  [vnatrye] Audio Outside: надвор (од)  [nadvor (od)] Audio
With: со  [so] Audio But: но, ама  [no, ama] Audio
For: за  [za] Audio From: од  [od] Audio
To: кон, накај, за   [kon, nakaј, za ] Audio In: во  [vo] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: што?  [shto?] Audio Who?: кој?  [koј?] Audio
How?: како?  [kako?] Audio Why?: зошто?  [zoshto?] Audio
Where?: каде?  [kadye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: никогаш  [nikoguash] Audio Rarely: ретко  [ryetko] Audio
Sometimes: понекогаш  [ponyekoguash] Audio Usually: обично  [obichno] Audio
Always: секогаш  [syekoguash] Audio Very: многу  [mnoguoo] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Macedonian:

I: јас  [јas] Audio You: ти / вие   [ti / viye ] Audio
He: тој  [toј] Audio She: таа  [taa] Audio
We: ние  [niye] Audio They: тие  [tiye] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мој  [moј] Audio Your: твој / ваш   [tvoј / vash ] Audio
His: негов  [nyeguov] Audio Her: нејзин  [nyeјzin] Audio
Our: наш  [nash] Audio Their: нивен  [nivyen] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: јас зборувам англиски (јазик)  [јas zboroovam anguliski (јazik)] Audio
You speak French: вие зборувате француски  [viye zboroovatye frantzooski] Audio
He speaks German: тој зборува германски  [toј zboroova guyermanski] Audio
She speaks Italian: таа зборува италијански  [taa zboroova italiјanski] Audio
I visited France: јас ја посетив франција  [јas јa posyetiv frantziјa] Audio
I will drink milk: јас ќе пијам млеко  [јas kjye piјam mlyeko] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: јас ве разбирам  [јas vye razbiram] Audio
I don't understand you: јас не ве разбирам  [јas nye vye razbiram] Audio
I don't speak French: јас не зборувам француски  [јas nye zboroovam frantzooski] Audio
This is my house: ова е мојата куќа  [ova ye moјata kookja] Audio
That restaurant is far: тој ресторан е далеку  [toј ryestoran ye dalyekoo] Audio
No problem: нема проблем  [nyema problyem] Audio

The above Macedonian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Macedonian vocabulary to obtain some popular Macedonian phrases.

Macedonian Phrases

Macedonian Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.