Macedonian Grammar

The Macedonian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Macedonian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: и  [i] Audio Under: под  [pod] Audio
Before: пред  [pryed] Audio After: по  [po] Audio
Inside: внатре  [vnatrye] Audio Outside: надвор (од)  [nadvor (od)] Audio
With: со  [so] Audio But: но, ама  [no, ama] Audio
For: за  [za] Audio From: од  [od] Audio
To: кон, накај, за   [kon, nakaј, za ] Audio In: во  [vo] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: што?  [shto?] Audio Who?: кој?  [koј?] Audio
How?: како?  [kako?] Audio Why?: зошто?  [zoshto?] Audio
Where?: каде?  [kadye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: никогаш  [nikoguash] Audio Rarely: ретко  [ryetko] Audio
Sometimes: понекогаш  [ponyekoguash] Audio Usually: обично  [obichno] Audio
Always: секогаш  [syekoguash] Audio Very: многу  [mnoguoo] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Macedonian:

I: јас  [јas] Audio You: ти / вие   [ti / viye ] Audio
He: тој  [toј] Audio She: таа  [taa] Audio
We: ние  [niye] Audio They: тие  [tiye] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мој  [moј] Audio Your: твој / ваш   [tvoј / vash ] Audio
His: негов  [nyeguov] Audio Her: нејзин  [nyeјzin] Audio
Our: наш  [nash] Audio Their: нивен  [nivyen] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: јас зборувам англиски (јазик)  [јas zboroovam anguliski (јazik)] Audio
You speak French: вие зборувате француски  [viye zboroovatye frantzooski] Audio
He speaks German: тој зборува германски  [toј zboroova guyermanski] Audio
She speaks Italian: таа зборува италијански  [taa zboroova italiјanski] Audio
I visited France: јас ја посетив франција  [јas јa posyetiv frantziјa] Audio
I will drink milk: јас ќе пијам млеко  [јas kjye piјam mlyeko] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: јас ве разбирам  [јas vye razbiram] Audio
I don't understand you: јас не ве разбирам  [јas nye vye razbiram] Audio
I don't speak French: јас не зборувам француски  [јas nye zboroovam frantzooski] Audio
This is my house: ова е мојата куќа  [ova ye moјata kookja] Audio
That restaurant is far: тој ресторан е далеку  [toј ryestoran ye dalyekoo] Audio
No problem: нема проблем  [nyema problyem] Audio

The above Macedonian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Macedonian vocabulary to obtain some popular Macedonian phrases.

Macedonian Phrases

Macedonian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.