Malagasy Grammar

The Malagasy grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Malagasy and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ary / sy  Audio Under: ambany  Audio
Before: aloha  Audio After: aoriana  Audio
Inside: anaty  Audio Outside: ivelan'ny  Audio
With: miaraka  Audio But: nefa  Audio
For: noho  Audio From: avy amin'  Audio
To: hatrany  Audio In: anaty  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: inona?  Audio Who?: iza?  Audio
How?: ahoana?  Audio Why?: nahoana?  Audio
Where?: aiza?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: tsy mihitsy  Audio Rarely: zara raha  Audio
Sometimes: indraindray  Audio Usually: matetika  Audio
Always: foana  Audio Very: tena  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Malagasy:

I: izaho  Audio You: ianao  Audio
He: izy  Audio She: izy  Audio
We: isika  Audio They: izy ireo/zareo  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ny -ko  Audio Your: ny -nao  Audio
His: ny -niny  Audio Her: ny -niny  Audio
Our: ny -tsika  Audio Their: ny -nareo  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: miteny anglisy aho  Audio
You speak French: miteny frantsay ianao  Audio
He speaks German: miteny alema izy  Audio
She speaks Italian: miteny italianina izy  Audio
I visited France: nitsidika an'i frantsa aho  Audio
I will drink milk: hisotro ronono aho  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: azoko ianao  Audio
I don't understand you: tsy azoko ianao  Audio
I don't speak French: tsy mahay miteny frantsay aho  Audio
This is my house: ity ny tranoko  Audio
That restaurant is far: lavitra ity otely ity  Audio
No problem: tsy misy olana  Audio

The above Malagasy grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Malagasy vocabulary to obtain some popular Malagasy phrases.

Malagasy Phrases

Malagasy Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.