Malagasy Grammar

The Malagasy grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Malagasy and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ary / sy  Audio Under: ambany  Audio
Before: aloha  Audio After: aoriana  Audio
Inside: anaty  Audio Outside: ivelan'ny  Audio
With: miaraka  Audio But: nefa  Audio
For: noho  Audio From: avy amin'  Audio
To: hatrany  Audio In: anaty  Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: inona?  Audio Who?: iza?  Audio
How?: ahoana?  Audio Why?: nahoana?  Audio
Where?: aiza?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: tsy mihitsy  Audio Rarely: zara raha  Audio
Sometimes: indraindray  Audio Usually: matetika  Audio
Always: foana  Audio Very: tena  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Malagasy:

I: izaho  Audio You: ianao  Audio
He: izy  Audio She: izy  Audio
We: isika  Audio They: izy ireo/zareo  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ny -ko  Audio Your: ny -nao  Audio
His: ny -niny  Audio Her: ny -niny  Audio
Our: ny -tsika  Audio Their: ny -nareo  Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: miteny anglisy aho  Audio
You speak French: miteny frantsay ianao  Audio
He speaks German: miteny alema izy  Audio
She speaks Italian: miteny italianina izy  Audio
I visited France: nitsidika an'i frantsa aho  Audio
I will drink milk: hisotro ronono aho  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: azoko ianao  Audio
I don't understand you: tsy azoko ianao  Audio
I don't speak French: tsy mahay miteny frantsay aho  Audio
This is my house: ity ny tranoko  Audio
That restaurant is far: lavitra ity otely ity  Audio
No problem: tsy misy olana  Audio

The above Malagasy grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Malagasy vocabulary to obtain some popular Malagasy phrases.

Malagasy Phrases

Malagasy Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.