Maltese Grammar

The Maltese grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Maltese and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: u  Audio Under: taħt  Audio
Before: qabel  Audio After: wara  Audio
Inside: ġewwa  Audio Outside: barra  Audio
With: ma'   Audio But: imma  Audio
For: għall- / għal  Audio From: minn  Audio
To: lejn / għall- / għal  Audio In: ġo  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: liema?  Audio Who?: min?  Audio
How?: kif?  Audio Why?: għaliex?  Audio
Where?: fejn?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: qatt  Audio Rarely: rari  Audio
Sometimes: kultant  Audio Usually: normalment  Audio
Always: dejjem  Audio Very: ħafna  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Maltese:

I: jien  Audio You: int   Audio
He: hu   Audio She: hi  Audio
We: aħna  Audio They: huma  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: tiegħi  Audio Your: tiegħek  Audio
His: tiegħu  Audio Her: tagħha  Audio
Our: tagħna  Audio Their: tagħhom  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: jien nitkellem bl-ingliż  Audio
You speak French: inti titkellem bil-franċiż  Audio
He speaks German: hu jitkellem bil-ġermaniż  Audio
She speaks Italian: hi titkellem bit-taljan  Audio
I visited France: jien żort franza  Audio
I will drink milk: jien se nixrob ħalib  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: nifhemek  Audio
I don't understand you: ma nifhmekx   Audio
I don't speak French: ma nitkellimx bil-franċiż  Audio
This is my house: din hija d-dar tiegħi  Audio
That restaurant is far: dak ir-restorant huwa 'l bogħod  Audio
No problem: mhux problema  Audio

The above Maltese grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Maltese vocabulary to obtain some popular Maltese phrases.

Maltese Phrases

Maltese Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.