Mandarin Vocabulary

The Mandarin vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One:   [yī] Audio Two:   [èr] Audio
Three:   [sān] Audio Four:   [sì] Audio
Five:   [wǔ] Audio Six:   [liù] Audio
Seven:   [qī] Audio Eight:   [bā] Audio
Nine:   [jiǔ] Audio Ten:   [shí] Audio
First: 第一  [dì yī] Audio Second: 第二  [dì èr] Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: 星期一  [xīng qī yī] Audio Tuesday: 星期二  [xīng qī èr] Audio
Wednesday: 星期三  [xīng qī sān] Audio Thursday: 星期四  [xīng qī sì] Audio
Friday: 星期五  [xīng qī wǔ] Audio Saturday: 星期六  [xīng qī liù] Audio
Sunday: 星期日  [xīng qī rì] Audio Now: 现在  [xiàn zài] Audio
Yesterday: 昨天  [zuó tiān] Audio Today: 今天  [jīn tiān] Audio
Tonight: 今晚  [jīn wǎn] Audio Tomorrow: 明天  [míng tiān] Audio

Share

Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: 水果  [shuǐ guǒ] Audio Apples: 苹果  [píng guǒ] Audio
Bananas: 香蕉  [xiāng jiāo] Audio Tomatoes: 蕃茄  [fān qié] Audio
Potatoes: 土豆  [tǔ dòu] Audio Onions: 洋葱  [yáng cōng] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: 红色  [hóng sè] Audio Green: 绿色  [lǜ sè] Audio
Blue: 蓝色  [lán sè] Audio White: 白色  [bái sè] Audio
Black: 黑色  [hēi sè] Audio Grey: 灰色  [huī sè] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: 早餐  [zǎo cān] Audio Lunch: 午餐  [wǔ cān] Audio
Dinner: 晚餐  [wǎn cān] Audio Milk: 牛奶  [niú nǎi] Audio
Coffee: 咖啡  [kā fēi] Audio Bread: 面包  [miàn bāo] Audio

Share

Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: 晴朗  [qíng lǎng] Audio Windy: 有风  [yǒu fēng] Audio
Rainy: 下雨的  [xià yǔ de] Audio Snowy: 下雪的  [xià xuě de] Audio
Cold:   [lěng] Audio Hot:   [rè] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: 男孩  [nán hái] Audio Girl: 女孩  [nǚ hái] Audio
Son: 儿子  [ér zi] Audio Daughter: 女儿  [nǚ ér] Audio
Brother:   [xiōng] Audio Sister:   [jiě] Audio
Man: 男人  [nán rén] Audio Woman: 女人  [nǚ rén] Audio
Father: 父亲  [fù qīn] Audio Mother: 母亲  [mǔ qīn] Audio
Grandfather: 祖父  [zǔ fù] Audio Grandmother: 祖母  [zǔ mǔ] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: 房子  [fáng zi] Audio Toilet: 厕所  [cè suǒ] Audio
Room: 房间  [fáng jiān] Audio Bedroom: 卧室  [wò shì] Audio
Kitchen: 厨房  [chú fáng] Audio Table: 桌子  [zhuō zi] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat:   [māo] Audio Dog:   [gǒu] Audio
Mouse: 老鼠  [lǎo shǔ] Audio Bird:   [niǎo] Audio
Cow: 奶牛  [nǎi niú] Audio Horse:   [mǎ] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: 袜子  [wà zi] Audio Shoes:   [xié] Audio
Trousers: 裤子  [kù zi] Audio Shirt: 衬衫  [chèn shān] Audio
Sweater: 毛衣  [máo yī] Audio Coat: 外套  [wài tào] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: 英语  [yīng yǔ] Audio French: 法语  [fǎ yǔ] Audio
German: 德语  [dé yǔ] Audio Spanish: 西班牙语  [xī bān yá yǔ] Audio
Italian: 意大利语  [yì dà lì yǔ] Audio Portuguese: 葡萄牙语  [pú táo yá yǔ] Audio
Greek: 希腊语  [xī là yǔ] Audio Russian: 俄语  [é yǔ] Audio
Arabic: 阿拉伯语  [ā lā bǎi yǔ] Audio Hindi: 印地语  [yìn dì yǔ] Audio
Chinese: 中文  [zhōng wén] Audio Japanese: 日语  [rì yǔ] Audio


Share

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: 出租车  [chū zū chē] Audio Bus: 巴士  [bā shì] Audio
Hotel: 酒店  [jiǔ diàn] Audio Reservation: 预订  [yù dìng] Audio
Airport: 机场  [jī chǎng] Audio Passport: 护照  [hù zhào] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: 学生  [xué shēng] Audio Teacher: 老师  [lǎo shī] Audio
Pen: 钢笔  [gāng bǐ] Audio Books: 书籍  [shū jí] Audio
Page:   [yè] Audio Dictionary: 字典  [zì diǎn] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand:   [shǒu] Audio Feet:   [jiǎo] Audio
Hair: 头发  [tóu fā] Audio Eye:   [yǎn] Audio
Mouth:   [kǒu] Audio Nose: 鼻子  [bí zi] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: 救护车  [jiù hù chē] Audio Doctor: 医生  [yī shēng] Audio
Hospital: 医院  [yī yuàn] Audio Pharmacy: 药房  [yào fáng] Audio
Police: 警察  [jǐng chá] Audio Stomach Ache: 胃痛  [wèi tòng] Audio

As you can see, this Mandarin vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

Learn Mandarin

Mandarin Phrases


Share

Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.