Marathi Grammar

The Marathi grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Marathi and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: आणि  [aani] Audio Under: खाली  [khaali] Audio
Before: आधी  [aadhi] Audio After: नंतर   [nntr] Audio
Inside: आतल्या बाजूला  [aatlyaa baajulaa] Audio Outside: बाहेरच्या बाजूला  [baaherkyaa baajulaa] Audio
With: सोबत  [sobt] Audio But: पण, परंतु  [pn, prntu] Audio
For: साठी  [saathi] Audio From: पासून  [paasun] Audio
To: कडे  [kde] Audio In: आत  [aat] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: काय?  [kaay?] Audio Who?: कोण?  [kon?] Audio
How?: कसे?  [kse?] Audio Why?: का?  [kaa?] Audio
Where?: कुठे?  [kuthe?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: कधीच नाही  [kdhik naahi] Audio Rarely: क्वचित  [kvkit] Audio
Sometimes: कधीकधी  [kdhikdhi] Audio Usually: सामान्यत:  [saamaanyt:] Audio
Always: नेहमी  [nehmi] Audio Very: अत्यंत  [atynt] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Marathi:

I: मी  [mi] Audio You: तू / तुम्ही  [tu / tumhi] Audio
He: तो  [to] Audio She: ती  [ti] Audio
We: आम्ही / आपण  [aamhi / aapn] Audio They: ते, त्या, ती  [te, tyaa, ti] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: माझा, माझे, माझी  [maajhaa, maajhe, maajhi] Audio Your: तुझा,तुझी, तुझे, तुमचे, तुमची, तुमचा  [tujhaa,tujhi, tujhe, tumke, tumki, tumkaa] Audio
His: त्याचे, त्याचा, त्याची  [tyaake, tyaakaa, tyaaki] Audio Her: तिचा, तिचे, तिची  [tikaa, tike, tiki] Audio
Our: आमचे, आमचा, आमची, आपले, आपला, आपली  [aamke, aamkaa, aamki, aaple, aaplaa, aapli] Audio Their: त्यांचे, त्यांचा, त्यांची  [tyaanke, tyaankaa, tyaanki] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: मी इंग्रजी बोलतो  [mi ingarji bolto] Audio
You speak French: तुम्ही फ्रेन्च बोलता  [tumhi frenk boltaa] Audio
He speaks German: तो जर्मन बोलतो  [to jrmn bolto] Audio
She speaks Italian: ती इटालियन बोलते  [ti itaaliyn bolte] Audio
I visited France: मी फ्रान्सला भेट दिली   [mi fraanslaa bhet dili] Audio
I will drink milk: मी दूध पिईन  [mi dudh piin] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: तुम्ही काय म्हणता ते मला समजते  [tumhi maajhyaasobt yeoo shkaal kaay?] Audio
I don't understand you: तुम्ही काय म्हणता ते मला समजत नाही  [tumhi kaay mhntaa te mlaa smjt naahi] Audio
I don't speak French: मला फ्रेन्च बोलता येत नाही  [mlaa frenk boltaa yet naahi] Audio
This is my house: हे माझे घर आहे  [he maajhe ghr aahe] Audio
That restaurant is far: ते उपाहारगृह दूर आहे  [te upaahaargarih dur aahe] Audio
No problem: कांही हरकत नाही  [kaanhi hrkt naahi] Audio

The above Marathi grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Marathi vocabulary to obtain some popular Marathi phrases.

Marathi Phrases

Marathi Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.