Oromo Grammar

The Oromo grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Oromo and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: fi Under: jala / gajjallaa
Before: dura After: booddee / booda
Inside: keessa Outside: ala
With: wajjin But: garuu
For: f From: irraa, ittii
To: itti In: keessa

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: maal? Who?: eenyu?
How?: attamitti? Why?: maaliif?
Where?: eessa?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: matuma Rarely: darbee darbee
Sometimes: gaaffii gaaf Usually: yeroo baayyee
Always: yeroo hunda Very: baayyee

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Most commonly used pronouns in Oromo:

I: ani You: ati
He: inni She: isheen
We: nuhi They: isaan

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ko / kiyya / tiyya Your: ke / te
His: isaa Her: ishee
Our: keenya / teenya Their: isaanii

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ingiliffa nan dubbadha
You speak French: afaan faransaayi dubbata
He speaks German: afaan jarmanii dubbata
She speaks Italian: afaan xaliyaani dubbatti
I visited France: biyya faransaayi ndaawwadhe
I will drink milk: buna ndhuga


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: dubbiin ke naa gala
I don't understand you: dubbiin ke naan ngalle
I don't speak French: afaan faransaayi hinbeeu
This is my house: kun mana kooti
That restaurant is far: manni nyaataa sun fagoodha
No problem: rakinni hinjiru

The above Oromo grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Oromo vocabulary to obtain some popular Oromo phrases.

Oromo Phrases

Oromo Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.