Oromo Grammar

The Oromo grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Oromo and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: fi Under: jala / gajjallaa
Before: dura After: booddee / booda
Inside: keessa Outside: ala
With: wajjin But: garuu
For: f From: irraa, ittii
To: itti In: keessa


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: maal? Who?: eenyu?
How?: attamitti? Why?: maaliif?
Where?: eessa?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: matuma Rarely: darbee darbee
Sometimes: gaaffii gaaf Usually: yeroo baayyee
Always: yeroo hunda Very: baayyee


Most commonly used pronouns in Oromo:

I: ani You: ati
He: inni She: isheen
We: nuhi They: isaan

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ko / kiyya / tiyya Your: ke / te
His: isaa Her: ishee
Our: keenya / teenya Their: isaanii

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ingiliffa nan dubbadha
You speak French: afaan faransaayi dubbata
He speaks German: afaan jarmanii dubbata
She speaks Italian: afaan xaliyaani dubbatti
I visited France: biyya faransaayi ndaawwadhe
I will drink milk: buna ndhuga


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: dubbiin ke naa gala
I don't understand you: dubbiin ke naan ngalle
I don't speak French: afaan faransaayi hinbeeu
This is my house: kun mana kooti
That restaurant is far: manni nyaataa sun fagoodha
No problem: rakinni hinjiru

The above Oromo grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Oromo vocabulary to obtain some popular Oromo phrases.

Oromo Phrases

Oromo Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.