Polish Grammar

The Polish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Polish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: i  Audio Under: pod  Audio
Before: przed  Audio After: za/ po  Audio
Inside: wewnątrz  Audio Outside: na zewnątrz  Audio
With: z  Audio But: ale  Audio
For: dla  Audio From: z  Audio
To: do  Audio In: w  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: co?  Audio Who?: kto?  Audio
How?: jak?  Audio Why?: dlaczego?  Audio
Where?: gdzie?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nigdy  Audio Rarely: rzadko  Audio
Sometimes: czasami  Audio Usually: zwykle  Audio
Always: zawsze  Audio Very: bardzo  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Polish:

I: ja  Audio You: ty  Audio
He: on  Audio She: ona  Audio
We: my  Audio They: oni/ one  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

depending on the context:
My: mój  Audio Your: twój  Audio
His: jego  Audio Her: jej  Audio
Our: nasz  Audio Their: ich  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: mówię po angielsku  Audio
You speak French: mówisz po francusku  Audio
He speaks German: mówi po niemiecku  Audio
She speaks Italian: ona mówi po włosku  Audio
I visited France: odwiedziłem francję  Audio
I will drink milk: będę pić mleko  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: rozumiem cię  Audio
I don't understand you: nie rozumiem ciebie  Audio
I don't speak French: nie mówię po francusku  Audio
This is my house: to jest mój dom  Audio
That restaurant is far: ta restauracja jest daleko  Audio
No problem: nie ma problemu  Audio

The above Polish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Polish vocabulary to obtain some popular Polish phrases.

Polish Phrases

Polish Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.