Polish Grammar

The Polish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Polish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: i  Audio Under: pod  Audio
Before: przed  Audio After: za/ po  Audio
Inside: wewnątrz  Audio Outside: na zewnątrz  Audio
With: z  Audio But: ale  Audio
For: dla  Audio From: z  Audio
To: do  Audio In: w  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: co?  Audio Who?: kto?  Audio
How?: jak?  Audio Why?: dlaczego?  Audio
Where?: gdzie?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nigdy  Audio Rarely: rzadko  Audio
Sometimes: czasami  Audio Usually: zwykle  Audio
Always: zawsze  Audio Very: bardzo  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Polish:

I: ja  Audio You: ty  Audio
He: on  Audio She: ona  Audio
We: my  Audio They: oni/ one  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

depending on the context:
My: mój  Audio Your: twój  Audio
His: jego  Audio Her: jej  Audio
Our: nasz  Audio Their: ich  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: mówię po angielsku  Audio
You speak French: mówisz po francusku  Audio
He speaks German: mówi po niemiecku  Audio
She speaks Italian: ona mówi po włosku  Audio
I visited France: odwiedziłem francję  Audio
I will drink milk: będę pić mleko  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: rozumiem cię  Audio
I don't understand you: nie rozumiem ciebie  Audio
I don't speak French: nie mówię po francusku  Audio
This is my house: to jest mój dom  Audio
That restaurant is far: ta restauracja jest daleko  Audio
No problem: nie ma problemu  Audio

The above Polish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Polish vocabulary to obtain some popular Polish phrases.

Polish Phrases

Polish Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.