Samoan Grammar

The Samoan grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Samoan and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ma Under: lalo ifo
Before: luma/ae le'i o'o iai After: pe'a uma
Inside: totonu Outside: fafo atu
With: ma But: peita'i
For: mo (ia/oe/a'u etc From: mai le
To: i le In: totonu

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ole a? Who?: o ai?
How?: faafefea? Why?: aisea?
Where?: o fea?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: le taitai Rarely: seasea
Sometimes: nisi o taimi Usually: masani lava
Always: taimi 'uma Very: matua

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Most commonly used pronouns in Samoan:

I: ou/'ou te You: o 'oe
He: o ia/tama She: o ia/teine
We: tatou They: latou

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: o la'u Your: o lau
His: o ia/tama Her: o ia/teine
Our: tatou Their: latou

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ou te tautala ile gagana peretania
You speak French: ete tautala ile fa'afarani?
He speaks German: e tautala ile gagana siamani
She speaks Italian: e tautala ile gagana italia
I visited France: sa ou asiasi i farani
I will drink milk: ole a ou inu ile susu


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ou te malamalama ia te oe
I don't understand you: ou te le malamalama ia te oe
I don't speak French: ou te leiloa fa'afarani
This is my house: o lo'u fale lea
That restaurant is far: e mamao le faleaiga lena
No problem: leai se fa'afitauli

The above Samoan grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Samoan vocabulary to obtain some popular Samoan phrases.

Samoan Phrases

Samoan Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.