Shona Grammar

The Shona grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Shona and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: uye Under: pasi
Before: pamberi After: pashure
Inside: mukati Outside: panze
With: na But: asi
For: nokuda From: kubva
To: ku In: mu


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: chii? Who?: ani?
How?: sei? Why?: nei?
Where?: kupi?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: zvachose Rarely: kashoma
Sometimes: dzimwe nguva Usually: kakawanda
Always: nguva dzose Very: chaizvo


Most commonly used pronouns in Shona:

I: ini You: iwe
He: iye She: iye
We: isu They: ivo

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: chake Your: chako
His: chake Her: chake
Our: chedu Their: chavo

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ndinotaura chirungu
You speak French: unotaura chifrench
He speaks German: anotaura chigerman
She speaks Italian: anotaura chiitaly
I visited France: ndakashanyira france
I will drink milk: ndichanwa mukaka


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ndinokunzwisisa
I don't understand you: handisi kukunzwisisa
I don't speak French: handitauri chifrench
This is my house: iyi ndiyo imba yangu
That restaurant is far: restorendi iyo haisi kure
No problem: hapana chinetso

The above Shona grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Shona vocabulary to obtain some popular Shona phrases.

Shona Phrases

Shona Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.