Shona Grammar

The Shona grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Shona and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: uye Under: pasi
Before: pamberi After: pashure
Inside: mukati Outside: panze
With: na But: asi
For: nokuda From: kubva
To: ku In: mu

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: chii? Who?: ani?
How?: sei? Why?: nei?
Where?: kupi?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: zvachose Rarely: kashoma
Sometimes: dzimwe nguva Usually: kakawanda
Always: nguva dzose Very: chaizvo

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Most commonly used pronouns in Shona:

I: ini You: iwe
He: iye She: iye
We: isu They: ivo

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: chake Your: chako
His: chake Her: chake
Our: chedu Their: chavo

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ndinotaura chirungu
You speak French: unotaura chifrench
He speaks German: anotaura chigerman
She speaks Italian: anotaura chiitaly
I visited France: ndakashanyira france
I will drink milk: ndichanwa mukaka


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ndinokunzwisisa
I don't understand you: handisi kukunzwisisa
I don't speak French: handitauri chifrench
This is my house: iyi ndiyo imba yangu
That restaurant is far: restorendi iyo haisi kure
No problem: hapana chinetso

The above Shona grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Shona vocabulary to obtain some popular Shona phrases.

Shona Phrases

Shona Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.