Swahili Grammar

The Swahili grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Swahili and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: na  Audio Under: chini ya  Audio
Before: kabla  Audio After: baada ya  Audio
Inside: ndani  Audio Outside: nje  Audio
With: na  Audio But: lakini  Audio
For: kwa  Audio From: kutoka  Audio
To: kwa  Audio In: katika  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: nini?  Audio Who?: nani?  Audio
How?: aje?  Audio Why?: kwa nini?  Audio
Where?: wapi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: kamwe  Audio Rarely: mara chache  Audio
Sometimes: mara kwa mara  Audio Usually: kawaida  Audio
Always: kawaida  Audio Very: sana  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Swahili:

I: mimi  Audio You: wewe  Audio
He: yeye  Audio She: yeye  Audio
We: sisi  Audio They: wao  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: yangu  Audio Your: yako  Audio
His: yake  Audio Her: yeye  Audio
Our: yetu  Audio Their: yao  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: mimi huongea kiingereza  Audio
You speak French: unaongea kifaransa  Audio
He speaks German: anaongea kijerumani  Audio
She speaks Italian: anaongea kiitalia  Audio
I visited France: nilitembelea ufaransa  Audio
I will drink milk: nitakunywa maziwa  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ninaelewa  Audio
I don't understand you: siekuelewi   Audio
I don't speak French: sielewi kifaransa  Audio
This is my house: hii ni nyumba yangu  Audio
That restaurant is far: mkahawa huo uko mbali  Audio
No problem: hakuna shida  Audio

The above Swahili grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Swahili vocabulary to obtain some popular Swahili phrases.

Swahili Phrases

Swahili Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.