Swahili Grammar

The Swahili grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Swahili and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: na  Audio Under: chini ya  Audio
Before: kabla  Audio After: baada ya  Audio
Inside: ndani  Audio Outside: nje  Audio
With: na  Audio But: lakini  Audio
For: kwa  Audio From: kutoka  Audio
To: kwa  Audio In: katika  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: nini?  Audio Who?: nani?  Audio
How?: aje?  Audio Why?: kwa nini?  Audio
Where?: wapi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: kamwe  Audio Rarely: mara chache  Audio
Sometimes: mara kwa mara  Audio Usually: kawaida  Audio
Always: kawaida  Audio Very: sana  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Swahili:

I: mimi  Audio You: wewe  Audio
He: yeye  Audio She: yeye  Audio
We: sisi  Audio They: wao  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: yangu  Audio Your: yako  Audio
His: yake  Audio Her: yeye  Audio
Our: yetu  Audio Their: yao  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: mimi huongea kiingereza  Audio
You speak French: unaongea kifaransa  Audio
He speaks German: anaongea kijerumani  Audio
She speaks Italian: anaongea kiitalia  Audio
I visited France: nilitembelea ufaransa  Audio
I will drink milk: nitakunywa maziwa  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ninaelewa  Audio
I don't understand you: siekuelewi   Audio
I don't speak French: sielewi kifaransa  Audio
This is my house: hii ni nyumba yangu  Audio
That restaurant is far: mkahawa huo uko mbali  Audio
No problem: hakuna shida  Audio

The above Swahili grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Swahili vocabulary to obtain some popular Swahili phrases.

Swahili Phrases

Swahili Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.