Swedish Grammar

The Swedish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Swedish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: och  Audio Under: under  Audio
Before: före, innan  Audio After: efter  Audio
Inside: inuti  Audio Outside: utanför  Audio
With: med  Audio But: men  Audio
For: för  Audio From: från  Audio
To: till  Audio In: i  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: vad?  Audio Who?: vem?  Audio
How?: hur?  Audio Why?: varför?  Audio
Where?: var?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: aldrig  Audio Rarely: sällan  Audio
Sometimes: ibland  Audio Usually: vanligen  Audio
Always: alltid  Audio Very: mycket  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Swedish:

I: jag  Audio You: du  Audio
He: han  Audio She: hon  Audio
We: vi  Audio They: de/dem  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: min  Audio Your: din  Audio
His: hans  Audio Her: hennes  Audio
Our: vår  Audio Their: deras  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: jag talar engelska  Audio
You speak French: du talar franska  Audio
He speaks German: han talar tyska  Audio
She speaks Italian: hon talar italienska  Audio
I visited France: jag besökte frankrike  Audio
I will drink milk: jag ska dricka mjölk  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: jag förstår dig  Audio
I don't understand you: jag förstår inte dig  Audio
I don't speak French: jag talar inte franska  Audio
This is my house: detta är mitt hus  Audio
That restaurant is far: den restaurangen ligger långt bort  Audio
No problem: inga problem  Audio

The above Swedish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Swedish vocabulary to obtain some popular Swedish phrases.

Swedish Phrases

Swedish Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.