Swedish Grammar

The Swedish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Swedish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: och  Audio Under: under  Audio
Before: före, innan  Audio After: efter  Audio
Inside: inuti  Audio Outside: utanför  Audio
With: med  Audio But: men  Audio
For: för  Audio From: från  Audio
To: till  Audio In: i  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: vad?  Audio Who?: vem?  Audio
How?: hur?  Audio Why?: varför?  Audio
Where?: var?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: aldrig  Audio Rarely: sällan  Audio
Sometimes: ibland  Audio Usually: vanligen  Audio
Always: alltid  Audio Very: mycket  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Swedish:

I: jag  Audio You: du  Audio
He: han  Audio She: hon  Audio
We: vi  Audio They: de/dem  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: min  Audio Your: din  Audio
His: hans  Audio Her: hennes  Audio
Our: vår  Audio Their: deras  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: jag talar engelska  Audio
You speak French: du talar franska  Audio
He speaks German: han talar tyska  Audio
She speaks Italian: hon talar italienska  Audio
I visited France: jag besökte frankrike  Audio
I will drink milk: jag ska dricka mjölk  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: jag förstår dig  Audio
I don't understand you: jag förstår inte dig  Audio
I don't speak French: jag talar inte franska  Audio
This is my house: detta är mitt hus  Audio
That restaurant is far: den restaurangen ligger långt bort  Audio
No problem: inga problem  Audio

The above Swedish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Swedish vocabulary to obtain some popular Swedish phrases.

Swedish Phrases

Swedish Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.