Ukrainian Grammar

The Ukrainian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Ukrainian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: і  [і] Audio Under: під  [pіd] Audio
Before: до  [do] Audio After: після  [pіslya] Audio
Inside: всередині  [vsyeryedinі] Audio Outside: за межами  [za myeʐami] Audio
With: з  [z] Audio But: але  [alye] Audio
For: для  [dlya] Audio From: від  [vіd] Audio
To: до  [do] Audio In: в  [v] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: що?  [shto?] Audio Who?: хто?  [khto?] Audio
How?: як?  [yak?] Audio Why?: чому?  [chomoo?] Audio
Where?: де?  [dye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ніколи  [nіkoli] Audio Rarely: рідко  [rіdko] Audio
Sometimes: іноді  [іnodі] Audio Usually: зазвичай  [zazvichay] Audio
Always: завжди  [zavʐdi] Audio Very: дуже  [dooʐye] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Ukrainian:

I: я  [ya] Audio You: ви  [vi] Audio
He: він  [vіn] Audio She: вона  [vona] Audio
We: ми  [mi] Audio They: вони  [voni] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мій  [mіy] Audio Your: ваш, твій  [vash, tvіy] Audio
His: його  [yoguo] Audio Her: її  [yiyi] Audio
Our: наш  [nash] Audio Their: їх  [yikh] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: я розмовляю англійською  [ya rozmovlyayo angulіysʲkoyo] Audio
You speak French: ви говорите по-французьки  [vi guovoritye po-frantzoozʲki] Audio
He speaks German: він говорить німецькою  [vіn guovoritʲ nіmyetzʲkoyo] Audio
She speaks Italian: вона говорить італійською  [vona guovoritʲ іtalіysʲkoyo] Audio
I visited France: я відвідав францію  [ya vіdvіdav frantzіyo] Audio
I will drink milk: я буду пити молоко  [ya boodoo piti moloko] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: я вас розумію  [ya vas rozoomіyo] Audio
I don't understand you: я вас не розумію  [ya vas nye rozoomіyo] Audio
I don't speak French: я не говорю по-французьки  [ya nye guovoryo po-frantzoozʲki] Audio
This is my house: це мій будинок  [tzye mіy boodinok] Audio
That restaurant is far: той ресторан далеко  [toy ryestoran dalyeko] Audio
No problem: немає проблем  [nyemaye problyem] Audio

The above Ukrainian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Ukrainian vocabulary to obtain some popular Ukrainian phrases.

Ukrainian Phrases

Ukrainian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.