Zulu Grammar

The Zulu grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Zulu and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: bese  Audio Under: ngaphansi  Audio
Before: ngaphambi  Audio After: ngemuva  Audio
Inside: ngaphakathi  Audio Outside: ngaphandle  Audio
With: no-  Audio But: kodwa  Audio
For: ye-  Audio From: kusukela  Audio
To: kuya  Audio In: e-  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ini?  Audio Who?: ubani?  Audio
How?: kanjani?  Audio Why?: ngobani?  Audio
Where?: kuphi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: soze  Audio Rarely: ngokungavamile  Audio
Sometimes: ngesinye isikhathi  Audio Usually: ngokujwayelekile  Audio
Always: njalo  Audio Very: kakhulu  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Zulu:

I: mina  Audio You: wena  Audio
He: yena  Audio She: yena  Audio
We: thina  Audio They: bona  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: okwami   Audio Your: okwakho  Audio
His: okwakhe  Audio Her: okwakhe  Audio
Our: okwethu  Audio Their: okwabo  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ngikhuluma isingisi  Audio
You speak French: ukhuluma isi-french  Audio
He speaks German: ukhuluma isijalimani  Audio
She speaks Italian: ukhuluma isintaliyani  Audio
I visited France: ngivakashele e-france  Audio
I will drink milk: ngizophuza ubisi  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ngiyakuzwa  Audio
I don't understand you: angikuzwa  Audio
I don't speak French: angisikhulumi isifrench  Audio
This is my house: indlu yami lena  Audio
That restaurant is far: i-restaurant ayikho kude  Audio
No problem: ayikho inkinga  Audio

The above Zulu grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Zulu vocabulary to obtain some popular Zulu phrases.

Zulu Phrases

Zulu Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.