Zulu Grammar

The Zulu grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Zulu and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: bese  Audio Under: ngaphansi  Audio
Before: ngaphambi  Audio After: ngemuva  Audio
Inside: ngaphakathi  Audio Outside: ngaphandle  Audio
With: no-  Audio But: kodwa  Audio
For: ye-  Audio From: kusukela  Audio
To: kuya  Audio In: e-  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ini?  Audio Who?: ubani?  Audio
How?: kanjani?  Audio Why?: ngobani?  Audio
Where?: kuphi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: soze  Audio Rarely: ngokungavamile  Audio
Sometimes: ngesinye isikhathi  Audio Usually: ngokujwayelekile  Audio
Always: njalo  Audio Very: kakhulu  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Zulu:

I: mina  Audio You: wena  Audio
He: yena  Audio She: yena  Audio
We: thina  Audio They: bona  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: okwami   Audio Your: okwakho  Audio
His: okwakhe  Audio Her: okwakhe  Audio
Our: okwethu  Audio Their: okwabo  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ngikhuluma isingisi  Audio
You speak French: ukhuluma isi-french  Audio
He speaks German: ukhuluma isijalimani  Audio
She speaks Italian: ukhuluma isintaliyani  Audio
I visited France: ngivakashele e-france  Audio
I will drink milk: ngizophuza ubisi  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ngiyakuzwa  Audio
I don't understand you: angikuzwa  Audio
I don't speak French: angisikhulumi isifrench  Audio
This is my house: indlu yami lena  Audio
That restaurant is far: i-restaurant ayikho kude  Audio
No problem: ayikho inkinga  Audio

The above Zulu grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Zulu vocabulary to obtain some popular Zulu phrases.

Zulu Phrases

Zulu Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.