Armenian Grammar

The Armenian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Armenian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: և  [yev] Audio Under: տակ  [tak] Audio
Before: առաջ  [arraj] Audio After: հետո  [heto] Audio
Inside: ներսում  [nersum] Audio Outside: դրսում  [drsum] Audio
With: հետ  [het] Audio But: բայց  [bayts'] Audio
For: համար  [hamar] Audio From: -ից  [- Its'] Audio
To: դեպի  [depi] Audio In: մեջ  [mej] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Ինչ?  [Inch'?] Audio Who?: Ով?  [Ov?] Audio
How?: Ինչպես?  [Inch'pes?] Audio Why?: Ինչու?  [Inch'u?] Audio
Where?: Որտեղ?  [Vortegh?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: երբեք  [yerbek'] Audio Rarely: հազվադեպ  [hazvadep] Audio
Sometimes: երբեմն  [yerbemn] Audio Usually: սովորաբար  [sovorabar] Audio
Always: միշտ  [misht] Audio Very: շատ  [shat] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Armenian:

I: ես  [yes] Audio You: Դուք  [Duk'] Audio
He: նա  [na] Audio She: նա  [na] Audio
We: մենք  [menk'] Audio They: նրանք  [nrank'] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: իմ  [im] Audio Your: Ձեր  [Dzer] Audio
His: նրա  [nra] Audio Her: նրա  [nra] Audio
Our: մեր  [mer] Audio Their: նրանց  [nrants'] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Ես խոսում եմ անգլերեն:  [Yes khosum yem angleren.] Audio
You speak French: Դուք խոսում եք ֆրանսերեն:  [Duk' khosum yek' franseren] Audio
He speaks German: Նա խոսում է գերմաներեն:  [Na khosum e germaneren] Audio
She speaks Italian: Նա խոսում է իտալերեն:  [Na khosum e italeren] Audio
I visited France: Ես Ֆրանսիա այցելեցի:  [Yes Fransia ayts'yelets'i] Audio
I will drink milk: Ես կաթ կխմեմ:  [Yes kat' kkhmem] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Ես հասկանում եմ Ձեզ:  [Yes haskanum yem Dzez] Audio
I don't understand you: Ես Ձեզ չեմ հասկանում:  [Yes Dzez ch'yem haskanum] Audio
I don't speak French: Ես ֆրանսերեն չեմ խոսում:  [Yes franseren ch'yem khosum] Audio
This is my house: Սա իմ տունն է:  [Sa im tunn e] Audio
That restaurant is far: Այդ ճաշարանը հեռու է:  [Ayd chasharany herru e] Audio
No problem: Ոչ մի խնդիր:  [Voch' mi khndir] Audio

The above Armenian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Armenian vocabulary to obtain some popular Armenian phrases.

Armenian Phrases

Armenian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.