Assamese Grammar

The Assamese grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Assamese and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: আৰু  [Ārau] Audio Under: তলত  [Talata] Audio
Before: আগেয়ে  [Āgēẏē] Audio After: পিছত  [Pichata] Audio
Inside: ভিতৰফালে  [Bhitaraphālē] Audio Outside: বাহিৰফালে  [Bāhiraphālē] Audio
With: সৈতে  [Saitē] Audio But: কিন্তু  [Kintu] Audio
For: বাবে  [Bābē] Audio From: পৰা  [Paraā] Audio
To: লৈ  [Lai] Audio In: ভিতৰত  [Bhitarata] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: কি?  [Ki?] Audio Who?: কোন?  [Kōna?] Audio
How?: কেনেকৈ?  [Kēnēkai?] Audio Why?: কিয়?  [Kiẏa?] Audio
Where?: ক'ত?  [Ka'ta?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: কেতিয়াও  [Kētiẏā'ō] Audio Rarely: কেতিয়াবাহে  [Kētiẏābāhē] Audio
Sometimes: কেতিয়াবা  [Kētiẏābā] Audio Usually: সাধাৰনতে  [Sādhāranatē] Audio
Always: সদায়  [Sadāẏa] Audio Very: খুব  [Khuba] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Assamese:

I: মই  [Ma'i] Audio You: আপুনি  [Āpuni] Audio
He: তেখেত  [Tēkhēta] Audio She: তেখেত  [Tēkhēta] Audio
We: আমি  [Āmi] Audio They: তেখেতসকল  [Tēkhētasakala] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: মোৰ  [Mōra] Audio Your: আপোনাৰ  [Āpōnāra] Audio
His: তেখেতৰ  [Tēkhētara] Audio Her: তেখেতৰ  [Tēkhētara] Audio
Our: আমাৰ  [Āmāra] Audio Their: তেখেতসকলৰ  [Tēkhētasakalara] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: মই ইংৰাজী কওঁ।  [Ma'i iṁraājī ka'ōm̐.] Audio
You speak French: আপুনি ফৰাছীভাষা কয়।  [Āpuni pharaāchībhāṣā kaẏa.] Audio
He speaks German: তেখেতে জাৰ্মান কয়।  [Tēkhētē jārmāna kaẏa.] Audio
She speaks Italian: তেখেতে ইটালীয় ভাষা কয়।  [Tēkhētē iṭālīẏa bhāṣā kaẏa.] Audio
I visited France: আমি ফ্রান্স ভ্রমন কৰিছোঁ। - আমি ফ্রান্সলৈ গৈছো।  [Āmi phrānsa bhramana karaichōm̐. - Āmi phrānsalai gaichō.] Audio
I will drink milk: মই গাখীৰ খাওঁ।  [Ma'i gākhīra khā'ōm̐.] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: মই আপোনাক বুজোঁ।  [Ma'i āpōnāka bujōm̐.] Audio
I don't understand you: মই আপোনাক বুজা নাই।  [Ma'i āpōnāka bujā nā'i.] Audio
I don't speak French: মই ফৰাছী ভাষা নকওঁ।  [Ma'i pharaāchī bhāṣā naka'ōm̐.] Audio
This is my house: এইটো মোৰ ঘৰ।  [Ē'iṭō mōra ghara.] Audio
That restaurant is far: সেই ৰেস্তোঁৰাখনলৈ বহুদূৰ।  [Sē'i raēstōm̐raākhanalai bahudūra.] Audio
No problem: চিন্তা নকৰিব।  [Cintā nakaraiba.] Audio

The above Assamese grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Assamese vocabulary to obtain some popular Assamese phrases.

Assamese Phrases

Assamese Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.