Basque Grammar

The Basque grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Basque and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: eta  Audio Under: azpian  Audio
Before: aurretik  Audio After: ondoren  Audio
Inside: barru -  Audio Outside: kanpo -  Audio
With: -(a)rekin, -ekin  Audio But: baina  Audio
For: -(a)rentzat  Audio From: -(e)tik  Audio
To: -(e)ra  Audio In: -(e)an  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: zer?  Audio Who?: nor?  Audio
How?: nola?  Audio Why?: zergatik?  Audio
Where?: non?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: inoiz ez  Audio Rarely: oso gutxitan  Audio
Sometimes: batzuetan  Audio Usually: ohi  Audio
Always: beti  Audio Very: oso  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Basque:

I: ni  Audio You: zu  Audio
He: hura, bera  Audio She: hura, bera  Audio
We: gu  Audio They: haiek  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: nire  Audio Your: zure  Audio
His: bere  Audio Her: bere  Audio
Our: gure  Audio Their: beraien  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ingelesez hitz egiten dut  Audio
You speak French: frantsesez hitz egiten duzu  Audio
He speaks German: alemanez hitz egiten du  Audio
She speaks Italian: italieraz hitz egiten du  Audio
I visited France: frantzia bisitatu nuen  Audio
I will drink milk: esnea edango dut  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ulertzen zaitut  Audio
I don't understand you: ez zaitut ulertzen  Audio
I don't speak French: ez dut frantsesez hitz egiten  Audio
This is my house: hau nire etxea da  Audio
That restaurant is far: jatetxea oso urrun dago  Audio
No problem: problemarik gabe  Audio

The above Basque grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Basque vocabulary to obtain some popular Basque phrases.

Basque Phrases

Basque Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.