Basque Grammar

The Basque grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Basque and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: eta  Audio Under: azpian  Audio
Before: aurretik  Audio After: ondoren  Audio
Inside: barru -  Audio Outside: kanpo -  Audio
With: -(a)rekin, -ekin  Audio But: baina  Audio
For: -(a)rentzat  Audio From: -(e)tik  Audio
To: -(e)ra  Audio In: -(e)an  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: zer?  Audio Who?: nor?  Audio
How?: nola?  Audio Why?: zergatik?  Audio
Where?: non?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: inoiz ez  Audio Rarely: oso gutxitan  Audio
Sometimes: batzuetan  Audio Usually: ohi  Audio
Always: beti  Audio Very: oso  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Basque:

I: ni  Audio You: zu  Audio
He: hura, bera  Audio She: hura, bera  Audio
We: gu  Audio They: haiek  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: nire  Audio Your: zure  Audio
His: bere  Audio Her: bere  Audio
Our: gure  Audio Their: beraien  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ingelesez hitz egiten dut  Audio
You speak French: frantsesez hitz egiten duzu  Audio
He speaks German: alemanez hitz egiten du  Audio
She speaks Italian: italieraz hitz egiten du  Audio
I visited France: frantzia bisitatu nuen  Audio
I will drink milk: esnea edango dut  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ulertzen zaitut  Audio
I don't understand you: ez zaitut ulertzen  Audio
I don't speak French: ez dut frantsesez hitz egiten  Audio
This is my house: hau nire etxea da  Audio
That restaurant is far: jatetxea oso urrun dago  Audio
No problem: problemarik gabe  Audio

The above Basque grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Basque vocabulary to obtain some popular Basque phrases.

Basque Phrases

Basque Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.