Basque Vocabulary

The Basque vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: bat  Audio Two: bi  Audio Three: hiru  Audio
Four: lau  Audio Five: bost  Audio Six: sei  Audio
Seven: zazpi  Audio Eight: zortzi  Audio Nine: bederatzi  Audio
Ten: hamar  Audio First: lehen  Audio Second: bigarren  Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: astelehena  Audio Tuesday: asteartea  Audio Wednesday: asteazkena  Audio
Thursday: osteguna  Audio Friday: ostirala  Audio Saturday: larunbata  Audio
Sunday: igandea  Audio Now: orain  Audio Yesterday: atzo  Audio
Today: gaur  Audio Tonight: gaur gauean  Audio Tomorrow: bihar  Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: fruta  Audio Apples: sagarrak  Audio
Bananas: bananak  Audio Tomatoes: tomateak  Audio
Potatoes: patatak  Audio Onions: tipulak  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: gorria  Audio Green: berdea  Audio Blue: urdina  Audio
White: zuria  Audio Black: beltza  Audio Grey: grisa  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: gosaria  Audio Lunch: bazkaria  Audio
Dinner: afaria  Audio Milk: esnea  Audio
Coffee: kafea  Audio Bread: ogia  Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: eguzkitsua  Audio Windy: haizetsua  Audio Rainy: euria egiten ari da  Audio
Snowy: elurra egiten ari da  Audio Cold: hotza  Audio Hot: beroa  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: mutila  Audio Girl: neska  Audio
Son: semea  Audio Daughter: alaba  Audio
Brother: anaia, neba  Audio Sister: arreba, ahizpa  Audio
Man: gizona  Audio Woman: emakumea  Audio
Father: aita  Audio Mother: ama  Audio
Grandfather: aitona  Audio Grandmother: amona  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: etxea  Audio Toilet: komuna  Audio Room: gela  Audio
Bedroom: logela  Audio Kitchen: sukaldea  Audio Table: taula  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: katua  Audio Dog: txakurra  Audio Mouse: sagua  Audio
Bird: txoria  Audio Cow: behia  Audio Horse: zaldia  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: galtzerdiak  Audio Shoes: zapatak  Audio Trousers: prakak  Audio
Shirt: alkondara  Audio Sweater: jertsea  Audio Coat: berokia  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: ingelesa  Audio French: frantsesa  Audio German: alemana  Audio
Spanish: gaztelania  Audio Italian: italiera  Audio Portuguese: portugalera  Audio
Greek: greziera  Audio Russian: errusiera  Audio Arabic: arabiera  Audio
Hindi: hindi  Audio Chinese: txinera  Audio Japanese: japoniera  Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taxia  Audio Bus: autobusa  Audio
Hotel: hotela  Audio Reservation: erreserba  Audio
Airport: aireportua  Audio Passport: pasaportea  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: ikaslea  Audio Teacher: irakaslea  Audio Pen: boligrafoa  Audio
Books: liburuak  Audio Page: orrialdea  Audio Dictionary: hiztegia  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: eskua  Audio Feet: oinak  Audio Hair: ilea  Audio
Eye: begia  Audio Mouth: ahoa  Audio Nose: sudurra  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: anbulantzia  Audio Doctor: osagilea  Audio
Hospital: ospitalea  Audio Pharmacy: farmazia  Audio
Police: polizia  Audio Stomach Ache: urdaileko mina  Audio

As you can see, this Basque vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Basque Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.