Basque Vocabulary

The Basque vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: bat  Audio Two: bi  Audio Three: hiru  Audio
Four: lau  Audio Five: bost  Audio Six: sei  Audio
Seven: zazpi  Audio Eight: zortzi  Audio Nine: bederatzi  Audio
Ten: hamar  Audio First: lehen  Audio Second: bigarren  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: astelehena  Audio Tuesday: asteartea  Audio Wednesday: asteazkena  Audio
Thursday: osteguna  Audio Friday: ostirala  Audio Saturday: larunbata  Audio
Sunday: igandea  Audio Now: orain  Audio Yesterday: atzo  Audio
Today: gaur  Audio Tonight: gaur gauean  Audio Tomorrow: bihar  Audio


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: fruta  Audio Apples: sagarrak  Audio
Bananas: bananak  Audio Tomatoes: tomateak  Audio
Potatoes: patatak  Audio Onions: tipulak  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: gorria  Audio Green: berdea  Audio Blue: urdina  Audio
White: zuria  Audio Black: beltza  Audio Grey: grisa  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: gosaria  Audio Lunch: bazkaria  Audio
Dinner: afaria  Audio Milk: esnea  Audio
Coffee: kafea  Audio Bread: ogia  Audio


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: eguzkitsua  Audio Windy: haizetsua  Audio Rainy: euria egiten ari da  Audio
Snowy: elurra egiten ari da  Audio Cold: hotza  Audio Hot: beroa  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: mutila  Audio Girl: neska  Audio
Son: semea  Audio Daughter: alaba  Audio
Brother: anaia, neba  Audio Sister: arreba, ahizpa  Audio
Man: gizona  Audio Woman: emakumea  Audio
Father: aita  Audio Mother: ama  Audio
Grandfather: aitona  Audio Grandmother: amona  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: etxea  Audio Toilet: komuna  Audio Room: gela  Audio
Bedroom: logela  Audio Kitchen: sukaldea  Audio Table: taula  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: katua  Audio Dog: txakurra  Audio Mouse: sagua  Audio
Bird: txoria  Audio Cow: behia  Audio Horse: zaldia  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: galtzerdiak  Audio Shoes: zapatak  Audio Trousers: prakak  Audio
Shirt: alkondara  Audio Sweater: jertsea  Audio Coat: berokia  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: ingelesa  Audio French: frantsesa  Audio German: alemana  Audio
Spanish: gaztelania  Audio Italian: italiera  Audio Portuguese: portugalera  Audio
Greek: greziera  Audio Russian: errusiera  Audio Arabic: arabiera  Audio
Hindi: hindi  Audio Chinese: txinera  Audio Japanese: japoniera  Audio


Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taxia  Audio Bus: autobusa  Audio
Hotel: hotela  Audio Reservation: erreserba  Audio
Airport: aireportua  Audio Passport: pasaportea  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: ikaslea  Audio Teacher: irakaslea  Audio Pen: boligrafoa  Audio
Books: liburuak  Audio Page: orrialdea  Audio Dictionary: hiztegia  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: eskua  Audio Feet: oinak  Audio Hair: ilea  Audio
Eye: begia  Audio Mouth: ahoa  Audio Nose: sudurra  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: anbulantzia  Audio Doctor: osagilea  Audio
Hospital: ospitalea  Audio Pharmacy: farmazia  Audio
Police: polizia  Audio Stomach Ache: urdaileko mina  Audio

As you can see, this Basque vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

Learn Basque

Basque Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.