Belarusian Grammar

The Belarusian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Belarusian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: і; ды  [і; di] Audio Under: пад  [pad] Audio
Before: раней  [ranyey] Audio After: пасля  [paslya] Audio
Inside: унутры  [oonootri] Audio Outside: знадворку  [znadvorkoo] Audio
With: з  [z] Audio But: але  [alye] Audio
For: на працягу  [na pratzyaguoo] Audio From: ад  [ad] Audio
To: у  [oo] Audio In: у  [oo] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: што?  [shto?] Audio Who?: хто?  [khto?] Audio
How?: якім чынам?  [yakіm chinam?] Audio Why?: чаму?  [chamoo?] Audio
Where?: дзе?  [dzye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ніколі  [nіkolі] Audio Rarely: рэдка  [redka] Audio
Sometimes: часам  [chasam] Audio Usually: звычайна  [zvichayna] Audio
Always: заўсёды  [zawsyodi] Audio Very: вельмі  [vyelʲmі] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Belarusian:

I: я  [ya] Audio You: ты/вы/вы  [ti/vi/vi] Audio
He: ён  [yon] Audio She: яна  [yana] Audio
We: мы  [mi] Audio They: яны  [yani] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мой/мая/маё; мае  [moy/maya/mayo; maye] Audio Your: твой/твая/тваё/твае  [tvoy/tvaya/tvayo/tvaye] Audio
His: яго/ягоны  [yaguo/yaguoni] Audio Her: яе; ёй  [yaye; yoy] Audio
Our: наш/нашая/нашае  [nash/nashaya/nashaye] Audio Their: іх/іхні  [іkh/іkhnі] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: я размаўляю  [ya razmawlyayo] Audio
You speak French: вы(ты) размаўляеце (размаўляеш) па-французску  [vi(ti) razmawlyayetzye (razmawlyayesh) pa-frantzoozskoo] Audio
He speaks German: ён гаворыць па-нямецку  [yon guavoritzʲ pa-nyamyetzkoo] Audio
She speaks Italian: яна размаўляе па-італьянску  [yana razmawlyaye pa-іtalʲyanskoo] Audio
I visited France: я наведаў францыю  [ya navyedaw frantziyo] Audio
I will drink milk: я буду піць малако  [ya boodoo pіtzʲ malako] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: я вас разумею  [ya vas razoomyeyo] Audio
I don't understand you: я вас не разумею  [ya vas nye razoomyeyo] Audio
I don't speak French: я не размаўляю па-французску  [ya nye razmawlyayo pa-frantzoozskoo] Audio
This is my house: гэта мой дом  [gueta moy dom] Audio
That restaurant is far: гэты рэстаран далёка  [gueti restaran dalyoka] Audio
No problem: няма праблем  [nyama prablyem] Audio

The above Belarusian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Belarusian vocabulary to obtain some popular Belarusian phrases.

Belarusian Phrases

Belarusian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.