Bulgarian Grammar

The Bulgarian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Bulgarian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   [] Audio Under: под  [pod] Audio
Before: преди  [pryedi] Audio After: след  [slyed] Audio
Inside: вътре  [vʲtrye] Audio Outside: извън  [izvʲn] Audio
With: с  [s] Audio But: но  [no] Audio
For: за  [za] Audio From: от  [ot] Audio
To: за  [za] Audio In: в  [v] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: какво?  [kakvo?] Audio Who?: кой?  [koy?] Audio
How?: как?  [kak?] Audio Why?: защо?  [zashto?] Audio
Where?: къде?  [kʲdye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: никога  [nikogua] Audio Rarely: рядко  [ryadko] Audio
Sometimes: понякога  [ponyakogua] Audio Usually: обикновено  [obiknovyeno] Audio
Always: винаги  [vinagui] Audio Very: много  [mnoguo] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Bulgarian:

I: Аз  [Az] Audio You: ти  [ti] Audio
He: той  [toy] Audio She: тя  [tya] Audio
We: ние  [niye] Audio They: те  [tye] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мой  [moy] Audio Your: твой  [tvoy] Audio
His: негов  [nyeguov] Audio Her: нейн  [nyeyn] Audio
Our: наш  [nash] Audio Their: техен  [tyekhyen] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Аз говоря английски  [Az guovorya anguliyski] Audio
You speak French: ти говориш френски  [ti guovorish fryenski] Audio
He speaks German: той говори немски  [toy guovori nyemski] Audio
She speaks Italian: тя говори италиански  [tya guovori italianski] Audio
I visited France: Аз посетих Франция  [Az posyetikh Frantziya] Audio
I will drink milk: Аз ще пия мляко  [Az shtye piya mlyako] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Ви разбирам  [Vi razbiram] Audio
I don't understand you: Не ви разбирам  [Nye vi razbiram] Audio
I don't speak French: Аз не говоря френски  [Az nye guovorya fryenski] Audio
This is my house: Това е моят дом  [Tova ye moyat dom] Audio
That restaurant is far: онзи ресторант е далеч  [onzi ryestorant ye dalyech] Audio
No problem: няма проблем  [nyama problyem] Audio

The above Bulgarian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Bulgarian vocabulary to obtain some popular Bulgarian phrases.

Bulgarian Phrases

Bulgarian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.