Bulgarian Grammar

The Bulgarian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Bulgarian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   [] Audio Under: под  [pod] Audio
Before: преди  [pryedi] Audio After: след  [slyed] Audio
Inside: вътре  [vʲtrye] Audio Outside: извън  [izvʲn] Audio
With: с  [s] Audio But: но  [no] Audio
For: за  [za] Audio From: от  [ot] Audio
To: за  [za] Audio In: в  [v] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: какво?  [kakvo?] Audio Who?: кой?  [koy?] Audio
How?: как?  [kak?] Audio Why?: защо?  [zashto?] Audio
Where?: къде?  [kʲdye?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: никога  [nikogua] Audio Rarely: рядко  [ryadko] Audio
Sometimes: понякога  [ponyakogua] Audio Usually: обикновено  [obiknovyeno] Audio
Always: винаги  [vinagui] Audio Very: много  [mnoguo] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Bulgarian:

I: Аз  [Az] Audio You: ти  [ti] Audio
He: той  [toy] Audio She: тя  [tya] Audio
We: ние  [niye] Audio They: те  [tye] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: мой  [moy] Audio Your: твой  [tvoy] Audio
His: негов  [nyeguov] Audio Her: нейн  [nyeyn] Audio
Our: наш  [nash] Audio Their: техен  [tyekhyen] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Аз говоря английски  [Az guovorya anguliyski] Audio
You speak French: ти говориш френски  [ti guovorish fryenski] Audio
He speaks German: той говори немски  [toy guovori nyemski] Audio
She speaks Italian: тя говори италиански  [tya guovori italianski] Audio
I visited France: Аз посетих Франция  [Az posyetikh Frantziya] Audio
I will drink milk: Аз ще пия мляко  [Az shtye piya mlyako] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Ви разбирам  [Vi razbiram] Audio
I don't understand you: Не ви разбирам  [Nye vi razbiram] Audio
I don't speak French: Аз не говоря френски  [Az nye guovorya fryenski] Audio
This is my house: Това е моят дом  [Tova ye moyat dom] Audio
That restaurant is far: онзи ресторант е далеч  [onzi ryestorant ye dalyech] Audio
No problem: няма проблем  [nyama problyem] Audio

The above Bulgarian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Bulgarian vocabulary to obtain some popular Bulgarian phrases.

Bulgarian Phrases

Bulgarian Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.