Bulgarian Vocabulary

The Bulgarian vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: едно  [yedno] Audio Two: две  [dvye] Audio
Three: три  [tri] Audio Four: четири  [chyetiri] Audio
Five: пет  [pyet] Audio Six: шест  [shyest] Audio
Seven: седем  [syedyem] Audio Eight: осем  [osyem] Audio
Nine: девет  [dyevyet] Audio Ten: десет  [dyesyet] Audio
First: първи  [pʲrvi] Audio Second: втори  [vtori] Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: Понеделник  [Ponyedyelnik] Audio Tuesday: Вторник  [Vtornik] Audio
Wednesday: Сряда  [Sryada] Audio Thursday: Четвъртък  [Chyetvʲrtʲk] Audio
Friday: Петък  [Pyetʲk] Audio Saturday: Събота  [Sʲbota] Audio
Sunday: Неделя  [Nyedyelya] Audio Now: сега  [syegua] Audio
Yesterday: вчера  [vchyera] Audio Today: днес  [dnyes] Audio
Tonight: тази вечер  [tazi vyechyer] Audio Tomorrow: утре  [ootrye] Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: плодове  [plodovye] Audio Apples: ябълки  [yabʲlki] Audio
Bananas: банани  [banani] Audio Tomatoes: домати  [domati] Audio
Potatoes: картофи  [kartofi] Audio Onions: лук  [look] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: червен  [chyervyen] Audio Green: зелен  [zyelyen] Audio
Blue: син  [sin] Audio White: бял  [byal] Audio
Black: черен  [chyeryen] Audio Grey: сив  [siv] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: закуска  [zakooska] Audio Lunch: обяд  [obyad] Audio
Dinner: вечеря  [vyechyerya] Audio Milk: мляко  [mlyako] Audio
Coffee: кафе  [kafye] Audio Bread: хляб  [khlyab] Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: слънчево  [slʲnchyevo] Audio Windy: ветровито  [vyetrovito] Audio
Rainy: дъждовно  [dʲʐdovno] Audio Snowy: вали сняг  [vali snyagu] Audio
Cold: студено  [stoodyeno] Audio Hot: горещо  [guoryeshto] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: момче  [momchye] Audio Girl: момиче  [momichye] Audio
Son: син  [sin] Audio Daughter: дъщеря  [dʲshtyerya] Audio
Brother: брат  [brat] Audio Sister: сестра  [syestra] Audio
Man: мъж  [mʲʐ] Audio Woman: жена  [ʐyena] Audio
Father: баща  [bashta] Audio Mother: майка  [mayka] Audio
Grandfather: дядо  [dyado] Audio Grandmother: баба  [baba] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: къща  [kʲshta] Audio Toilet: тоалетна  [toalyetna] Audio
Room: стая  [staya] Audio Bedroom: спалня  [spalnya] Audio
Kitchen: кухня  [kookhnya] Audio Table: маса  [masa] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: котка  [kotka] Audio Dog: куче  [koochye] Audio
Mouse: мишка  [mishka] Audio Bird: птица  [ptitza] Audio
Cow: крава  [krava] Audio Horse: кон  [kon] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: чорапи  [chorapi] Audio Shoes: обувки  [oboovki] Audio
Trousers: панталони  [pantaloni] Audio Shirt: риза  [riza] Audio
Sweater: пуловер  [poolovyer] Audio Coat: палто  [palto] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: Английски  [Anguliyski] Audio French: Френски  [Fryenski] Audio
German: Немски  [Nyemski] Audio Spanish: Испански  [Ispanski] Audio
Italian: Италиански  [Italianski] Audio Portuguese: Португалски  [Portoogualski] Audio
Greek: Гръцки  [Gurʲtzki] Audio Russian: Руски  [Rooski] Audio
Arabic: Арабски  [Arabski] Audio Hindi: Хинди  [Khindi] Audio
Chinese: Китайски  [Kitayski] Audio Japanese: Японски  [Yaponski] Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: такси  [taksi] Audio Bus: автобус  [avtoboos] Audio
Hotel: хотел  [khotyel] Audio Reservation: резервация  [ryezyervatziya] Audio
Airport: летище  [lyetishtye] Audio Passport: паспорт  [pasport] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: студент  [stoodyent] Audio Teacher: учител  [oochityel] Audio
Pen: писалка  [pisalka] Audio Books: книги  [knigui] Audio
Page: страница  [stranitza] Audio Dictionary: речник  [ryechnik] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: ръка  [rʲka] Audio Feet: стъпала  [stʲpala] Audio
Hair: коса  [kosa] Audio Eye: око  [oko] Audio
Mouth: уста  [oosta] Audio Nose: нос  [nos] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: линейка  [linyeyka] Audio Doctor: лекар  [lyekar] Audio
Hospital: болница  [bolnitza] Audio Pharmacy: аптека  [aptyeka] Audio
Police: полиция  [politziya] Audio Stomach Ache: болка в стомаха  [bolka v stomakha] Audio

As you can see, this Bulgarian vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Bulgarian Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.