Esperanto Grammar

The Esperanto grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Esperanto and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: kaj Under: malsupre de
Before: antaŭ After: post
Inside: en Outside: ekster
With: kun But: sed
For: por, pro From: de, el
To: al, por In: en

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: kio? Who?: kiu?
How?: kiel? Why?: kial?
Where?: kie?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: neniam Rarely: malofte
Sometimes: foje, kelkfoje, fojfoje Usually: kutime
Always: ĉiam Very: tre

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Most commonly used pronouns in Esperanto:

I: mi You: vi
He: li She: ŝi
We: ni They: ili

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mia Your: via
His: lia Her: ŝia
Our: nia Their: ilia

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: mi parolas la anglan
You speak French: vi parolas la francan
He speaks German: li parolas la germanan
She speaks Italian: ŝi parolas la italan
I visited France: mi vizitis francio
I will drink milk: mi trinkos lakton


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: mi komprenas vin
I don't understand you: mi ne komprenas vin
I don't speak French: mi ne parolas la francan
This is my house: ĉi tiu estas mia domo
That restaurant is far: tiu restoracio estas fora
No problem: senprobleme

The above Esperanto grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Esperanto vocabulary to obtain some popular Esperanto phrases.

Esperanto Phrases

Esperanto Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.