Esperanto Vocabulary

The Esperanto vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: unu Two: du Three: tri
Four: kvar Five: kvin Six: ses
Seven: sep Eight: ok Nine: naŭ
Ten: dek First: unua Second: dua

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: lundo Tuesday: mardo Wednesday: merkredo
Thursday: ĵaŭdo Friday: vendredo Saturday: sabato
Sunday: dimanĉo Now: nun Yesterday: hieraŭ
Today: hodiaŭ Tonight: ĉi-nokte Tomorrow: morgaŭ


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: fruktoj Apples: pomoj
Bananas: bananoj Tomatoes: tomatoj
Potatoes: terpomoj Onions: cepoj

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: ruĝa Green: verda Blue: blua
White: blanka Black: nigra Grey: griza

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: matenmanĝo Lunch: lunĉo
Dinner: ĉefmanĝo Milk: lakto
Coffee: kafo Bread: pano


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: sun(plen)a Windy: venta Rainy: pluva
Snowy: neĝa Cold: malvarma Hot: varma

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: knabo Girl: knabino
Son: filo Daughter: filino
Brother: frato Sister: fratino
Man: viro Woman: virino
Father: patro Mother: patrino
Grandfather: avo Grandmother: avino

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: domo Toilet: tualeto Room: ĉambro
Bedroom: dormoĉambro Kitchen: kuirejo Table: tablo

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: kato Dog: hundo Mouse: muso
Bird: birdo Cow: bovino Horse: ĉevalo

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: ŝtrumpetoj Shoes: ŝuoj Trousers: pantalono
Shirt: ĉemizo Sweater: ĵerzo Coat: mantelo

Most popular languages in the world:

English: angla French: franca German: germana
Spanish: hispana Italian: itala Portuguese: portugala
Greek: greka Russian: rusa Arabic: araba
Hindi: hindia Chinese: ĉina Japanese: japana


Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taksio Bus: aŭtobuso
Hotel: hotelo Reservation: rezervaĵo
Airport: flughaveno Passport: pasporto

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: studento Teacher: instruistino Pen: plumo
Books: libroj Page: paĝo Dictionary: vortaro

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: mano Feet: futoj Hair: haro
Eye: okulo Mouth: buŝo Nose: nazo

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ambulanco Doctor: kuracistino
Hospital: hospitalo Pharmacy: apoteko
Police: polico Stomach Ache: stomaka doloro

As you can see, this Esperanto vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

Learn Esperanto

Esperanto Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.