Esperanto Vocabulary

The Esperanto vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: unu Two: du Three: tri
Four: kvar Five: kvin Six: ses
Seven: sep Eight: ok Nine: naŭ
Ten: dek First: unua Second: dua

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: lundo Tuesday: mardo Wednesday: merkredo
Thursday: ĵaŭdo Friday: vendredo Saturday: sabato
Sunday: dimanĉo Now: nun Yesterday: hieraŭ
Today: hodiaŭ Tonight: ĉi-nokte Tomorrow: morgaŭ

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: fruktoj Apples: pomoj
Bananas: bananoj Tomatoes: tomatoj
Potatoes: terpomoj Onions: cepoj

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: ruĝa Green: verda Blue: blua
White: blanka Black: nigra Grey: griza

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: matenmanĝo Lunch: lunĉo
Dinner: ĉefmanĝo Milk: lakto
Coffee: kafo Bread: pano

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: sun(plen)a Windy: venta Rainy: pluva
Snowy: neĝa Cold: malvarma Hot: varma

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: knabo Girl: knabino
Son: filo Daughter: filino
Brother: frato Sister: fratino
Man: viro Woman: virino
Father: patro Mother: patrino
Grandfather: avo Grandmother: avino

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: domo Toilet: tualeto Room: ĉambro
Bedroom: dormoĉambro Kitchen: kuirejo Table: tablo

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: kato Dog: hundo Mouse: muso
Bird: birdo Cow: bovino Horse: ĉevalo

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: ŝtrumpetoj Shoes: ŝuoj Trousers: pantalono
Shirt: ĉemizo Sweater: ĵerzo Coat: mantelo

Most popular languages in the world:

English: angla French: franca German: germana
Spanish: hispana Italian: itala Portuguese: portugala
Greek: greka Russian: rusa Arabic: araba
Hindi: hindia Chinese: ĉina Japanese: japana


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taksio Bus: aŭtobuso
Hotel: hotelo Reservation: rezervaĵo
Airport: flughaveno Passport: pasporto

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: studento Teacher: instruistino Pen: plumo
Books: libroj Page: paĝo Dictionary: vortaro

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: mano Feet: futoj Hair: haro
Eye: okulo Mouth: buŝo Nose: nazo

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ambulanco Doctor: kuracistino
Hospital: hospitalo Pharmacy: apoteko
Police: polico Stomach Ache: stomaka doloro

As you can see, this Esperanto vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Esperanto Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.