Finnish Grammar

The Finnish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Finnish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ja  Audio Under: alle  Audio
Before: ennen  Audio After: jälkeen  Audio
Inside: sisällä  Audio Outside: ulkona  Audio
With: kanssa  Audio But: mutta  Audio
For: varten  Audio From: alkaen  Audio
To: -aan, -ään  Audio In: - ssa; -ssä  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: mitä?  Audio Who?: kuka?  Audio
How?: miten?  Audio Why?: miksi?  Audio
Where?: missä?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ei koskaan  Audio Rarely: harvoin  Audio
Sometimes: joskus  Audio Usually: yleensä  Audio
Always: aina  Audio Very: oikein/hyvin  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Finnish:

I: minä  Audio You: sinä, te  Audio
He: hän  Audio She: hän  Audio
We: me  Audio They: he   Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: minun  Audio Your: sinun, teidän  Audio
His: hänen  Audio Her: hänen  Audio
Our: meidän  Audio Their: heidän  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: puhun englantia  Audio
You speak French: puhut ranskaa  Audio
He speaks German: hän puhuu saksaa  Audio
She speaks Italian: hän puhuu italiaa  Audio
I visited France: kävin ranskassa  Audio
I will drink milk: juon maitoa  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ymmärrän sinua  Audio
I don't understand you: en ymmärrä sinua  Audio
I don't speak French: en puhu ranskaa  Audio
This is my house: tämä on minun taloni  Audio
That restaurant is far: tuo ravintola on kaukana  Audio
No problem: ei ongelmaa  Audio

The above Finnish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Finnish vocabulary to obtain some popular Finnish phrases.

Finnish Phrases

Finnish Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.