Finnish Grammar

The Finnish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Finnish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ja  Audio Under: alle  Audio
Before: ennen  Audio After: jälkeen  Audio
Inside: sisällä  Audio Outside: ulkona  Audio
With: kanssa  Audio But: mutta  Audio
For: varten  Audio From: alkaen  Audio
To: -aan, -ään  Audio In: - ssa; -ssä  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: mitä?  Audio Who?: kuka?  Audio
How?: miten?  Audio Why?: miksi?  Audio
Where?: missä?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ei koskaan  Audio Rarely: harvoin  Audio
Sometimes: joskus  Audio Usually: yleensä  Audio
Always: aina  Audio Very: oikein/hyvin  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Finnish:

I: minä  Audio You: sinä, te  Audio
He: hän  Audio She: hän  Audio
We: me  Audio They: he   Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: minun  Audio Your: sinun, teidän  Audio
His: hänen  Audio Her: hänen  Audio
Our: meidän  Audio Their: heidän  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: puhun englantia  Audio
You speak French: puhut ranskaa  Audio
He speaks German: hän puhuu saksaa  Audio
She speaks Italian: hän puhuu italiaa  Audio
I visited France: kävin ranskassa  Audio
I will drink milk: juon maitoa  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ymmärrän sinua  Audio
I don't understand you: en ymmärrä sinua  Audio
I don't speak French: en puhu ranskaa  Audio
This is my house: tämä on minun taloni  Audio
That restaurant is far: tuo ravintola on kaukana  Audio
No problem: ei ongelmaa  Audio

The above Finnish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Finnish vocabulary to obtain some popular Finnish phrases.

Finnish Phrases

Finnish Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.