Finnish Vocabulary

The Finnish vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: yksi  Audio Two: kaksi  Audio Three: kolme  Audio
Four: neljä  Audio Five: viisi  Audio Six: kuusi  Audio
Seven: seitsemän  Audio Eight: kahdeksan  Audio Nine: yhdeksän  Audio
Ten: kymmenen  Audio First: ensimmäinen  Audio Second: toinen  Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: maanantai  Audio Tuesday: tiistai  Audio Wednesday: keskiviikko  Audio
Thursday: torstai  Audio Friday: perjantai  Audio Saturday: lauantai  Audio
Sunday: sunnuntai  Audio Now: nyt  Audio Yesterday: eilen  Audio
Today: tänään  Audio Tonight: tänä iltana  Audio Tomorrow: huomenna  Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: hedelmiä  Audio Apples: omenoita  Audio
Bananas: banaaneja  Audio Tomatoes: tomaatteja   Audio
Potatoes: perunoita  Audio Onions: sipuleita  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: punainen  Audio Green: vihreä  Audio Blue: sininen  Audio
White: valkoinen  Audio Black: musta  Audio Grey: harmaa  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: aamiainen  Audio Lunch: lounas  Audio
Dinner: päivällinen  Audio Milk: maito  Audio
Coffee: kahvi  Audio Bread: leipä  Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: aurinkoinen  Audio Windy: tuulinen  Audio Rainy: sateinen  Audio
Snowy: luminen  Audio Cold: kylmä  Audio Hot: kuuma  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: poika  Audio Girl: tyttö  Audio
Son: poika  Audio Daughter: tytär  Audio
Brother: veli  Audio Sister: sisko  Audio
Man: mies  Audio Woman: nainen  Audio
Father: isä  Audio Mother: äiti  Audio
Grandfather: isoisä  Audio Grandmother: isoäiti  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: talo  Audio Toilet: vessa  Audio Room: huone  Audio
Bedroom: makuuhuone  Audio Kitchen: keittiö  Audio Table: pöytä  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: kissa  Audio Dog: koira  Audio Mouse: hiiri  Audio
Bird: lintu  Audio Cow: lehmä  Audio Horse: hevonen  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: sukat  Audio Shoes: kengät  Audio Trousers: housut  Audio
Shirt: paita  Audio Sweater: villapusero  Audio Coat: takki  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: englantia  Audio French: ranskaa  Audio German: saksaa  Audio
Spanish: espanjaa  Audio Italian: italiaa  Audio Portuguese: portugalin kieli  Audio
Greek: kreikan  Audio Russian: venäjää  Audio Arabic: arabiaa  Audio
Hindi: hindin kieli  Audio Chinese: kiinaa  Audio Japanese: japanin kieli  Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taksi  Audio Bus: bussi  Audio
Hotel: hotelli  Audio Reservation: varaus  Audio
Airport: lentokenttä  Audio Passport: passi  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: opiskelija  Audio Teacher: opettaja  Audio Pen: kynä  Audio
Books: kirjat  Audio Page: sivu  Audio Dictionary: sanakirja  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: käsi  Audio Feet: jalat  Audio Hair: tukka  Audio
Eye: silmä  Audio Mouth: suu  Audio Nose: nenä  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ambulanssi  Audio Doctor: lääkäri  Audio
Hospital: sairaala  Audio Pharmacy: apteekki  Audio
Police: poliisi  Audio Stomach Ache: vatsakipu  Audio

As you can see, this Finnish vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Finnish Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.