Gujarati Grammar

The Gujarati grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Gujarati and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: અને  [ane] Audio Under: હેઠળ  [heeṭheḷ] Audio
Before: પહેલાં  [peheeleām] Audio After: પછી  [pechheī] Audio
Inside: અંદરની બાજુ  [amedereneī beājeu] Audio Outside: બહાર  [beheār] Audio
With: સાથે  [seāthe] Audio But: પરંતુ  [peremeteu] Audio
For: માટે  [meāṭe] Audio From: માંથી  [meāmetheī] Audio
To: માટે  [meāṭe] Audio In: માં  [meām] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: શું?  [śheum?] Audio Who?: કોણ?  [keoṇe?] Audio
How?: કેવી રીતે?  [keeveī reītee?] Audio Why?: શા માટે?  [śheā meāṭee?] Audio
Where?: ક્યાં?  [ke'yeām?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ક્યારેય નહિં  [ke'yeāreey neheim] Audio Rarely: ભાગ્યે જ  [bheāgue'ye j] Audio
Sometimes: ક્યારેક  [ke'yeāreek] Audio Usually: સામાન્ય રીતે  [seāmeāne'y reīte] Audio
Always: હંમેશાં  [hememeeśheām] Audio Very: અતિશય  [ateiśhey] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Gujarati:

I: હું  [heum] Audio You: તમે  [teme] Audio
He: તે  [te] Audio She: તેણી   [teeṇeī ] Audio
We: અમે  [ame] Audio They: તેઓ  [teeo] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: મારું  [meāreum] Audio Your: તમારું  [temeāreum] Audio
His: તેમની  [teemeneī] Audio Her: તેણીના  [teeṇeīneā] Audio
Our: અમારું  [ameāreum] Audio Their: તેમનું  [teemeneum] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: હું ઇંગલિશ બોલું છું   [heum imegueleiśh beoleum chheum ] Audio
You speak French: તમે ફ્રેન્ચ બોલો છો   [teme phe'reene'ch beoleo chheo ] Audio
He speaks German: તેઓ જર્મન બોલે છે   [teeo jere'men beole chhe ] Audio
She speaks Italian: તેણી ઇટાલિયન બોલે છે   [teeṇeī iṭeāleiyen beole chhe ] Audio
I visited France: મેં ફ્રાન્સ ની મુલાકાત લીધી હતી   [meem phe'reāne's neī meuleākeāt leīdheī heteī ] Audio
I will drink milk: હું દૂધ પીવાનો છું   [heum deūdh peīveāneo chheum ] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: હું તમને સમજી શકું છું   [heum temene semejeī śhekeum chheum ] Audio
I don't understand you: હું તમને સમજી નથી શકતો   [heum temene semejeī netheī śheketeo ] Audio
I don't speak French: હું ફ્રેન્ચ બોલતો નથી  [heum phe'reene'ch beoleteo netheī] Audio
This is my house: આ મારું ઘર છે   [ā meāreum gher chhe ] Audio
That restaurant is far: તે રેસ્ટોરાં દૂર છે  [te reese'ṭeoreām deūr chhe] Audio
No problem: કોઈ સમસ્યા નથી   [keoī semese'yeā netheī ] Audio

The above Gujarati grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Gujarati vocabulary to obtain some popular Gujarati phrases.

Gujarati Phrases

Gujarati Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.