Hausa Grammar

The Hausa grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Hausa and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: da Under: a ?ar?ashin
Before: kafin After: bayan
Inside: ciki Outside: waje
With: da But: amma
For: don From: daga
To: ga In: ciki


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: me? Who?: wa?
How?: yaya? Why?: me ya sa?
Where?: ina?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: har abada Rarely: ba saban ba
Sometimes: wani lokaci Usually: bisa al'ada
Always: koda yaushe Very: kwarai


Most commonly used pronouns in Hausa:

I: ni You: kai, ke, ku
He: shi She: ita
We: mu They: su

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: nawa Your: naka/naki/naku
His: nashi Her: nata
Our: namu Their: nasu

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ina jin turanci
You speak French: ka iya faransanci
He speaks German: yana jin jamusanci
She speaks Italian: tana jin italiyanci
I visited France: na ba?unci faransa
I will drink milk: zan sha madara


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: na fahimce ka/ki/ku
I don't understand you: ban fahimce ka/ki/ku ba
I don't speak French: ba na jin faransanci
This is my house: wannan shi ne gidana
That restaurant is far: gidan abincin nan yana da nisa
No problem: ba illa

The above Hausa grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Hausa vocabulary to obtain some popular Hausa phrases.

Hausa Phrases

Hausa Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.