Hindi Grammar

The Hindi grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Hindi and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   [] Audio Under: अधीन  [adhin] Audio
Before: से पहले  [se phle] Audio After: के बाद  [ke baad] Audio
Inside: अंदर  [andr] Audio Outside: बाहर  [baahr] Audio
With: साथ  [saath] Audio But: परन्तु   [prntu ] Audio
For: के लिए  [ke lie] Audio From: से  [se] Audio
To: से  [se] Audio In: में  [men] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: क्या?  [kyaa?] Audio Who?: कौन?  [kaun?] Audio
How?: कैसे?  [kaise?] Audio Why?: क्यों?  [kyon?] Audio
Where?: कहाँ?  [khaan?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: कभी नहीं  [kbhi nhin] Audio Rarely: शायद ही कभी  [shaayd hi kbhi] Audio
Sometimes: कभी-कभी  [kbhi-kbhi] Audio Usually: आमतौर पर  [aamtaur pr] Audio
Always: हमेशा, सदैव, सदा   [hmeshaa, sdaiv, sdaa ] Audio Very: बहुत  [bhut] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Hindi:

I: मैं  [main] Audio You: आप, तुम   [aap, tum ] Audio
He: वह  [vh] Audio She: वह  [vh] Audio
We: हम  [hm] Audio They: वे  [ve] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: मेरा (m) मेरी (f)   [meraa (m) meri (f) ] Audio Your: तुम्हारा  [tumhaaraa] Audio
His: उसका  [uskaa] Audio Her: उसकी  [uski] Audio
Our: हमारा   [hmaaraa ] Audio Their: उनका   [unkaa ] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: मैं अंग्रेजी बोलता(m) /बोलती (f) हूँ |  [main angareji boltaa(m) /bolti (f) hun |] Audio
You speak French: तुम/ आप ( you) फ्रेंच बोलते हो /हैं |  [tum/ aap ( you) frenk bolte ho /hain |] Audio
He speaks German: वह जर्मन बोलता है |  [vh jrmn boltaa hai |] Audio
She speaks Italian: वह इतालवी बोलती है |  [vh itaalvi bolti hai |] Audio
I visited France: मैने फ्रांस का दौरा किया |  [maine fraans kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio
I will drink milk: मैं दूध पीना पीऊँगा |  [main dudh pinaa pioongaaa |] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: "मैं तुम्हें समझता/समझती हूँ | "  ["main tumhen smjhtaa/smjhti hun | "] Audio
I don't understand you: मैं तुम्हें नहीं समझता हूँ |  [main tumhen nhin smjhtaa hun |] Audio
I don't speak French: मैं फ्रेंच बात नहीं करता हूँ - (mein French nahin bolta hoon)  [main frenk baat nhin krtaa hun |] Audio
This is my house: यह मेरा घर है |  [yh meraa ghr hai |] Audio
That restaurant is far: यह रेस्तरां दूर है |  [yh restraan dur hai |] Audio
No problem: कोई समस्या नहीं  [koi smsyaa nhin] Audio

The above Hindi grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Hindi vocabulary to obtain some popular Hindi phrases.

Hindi Phrases

Hindi Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.