Hindi Grammar

The Hindi grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Hindi and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   [] Audio Under: अधीन  [adhin] Audio
Before: से पहले  [se phle] Audio After: के बाद  [ke baad] Audio
Inside: अंदर  [andr] Audio Outside: बाहर  [baahr] Audio
With: साथ  [saath] Audio But: परन्तु   [prntu ] Audio
For: के लिए  [ke lie] Audio From: से  [se] Audio
To: से  [se] Audio In: में  [men] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: क्या?  [kyaa?] Audio Who?: कौन?  [kaun?] Audio
How?: कैसे?  [kaise?] Audio Why?: क्यों?  [kyon?] Audio
Where?: कहाँ?  [khaan?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: कभी नहीं  [kbhi nhin] Audio Rarely: शायद ही कभी  [shaayd hi kbhi] Audio
Sometimes: कभी-कभी  [kbhi-kbhi] Audio Usually: आमतौर पर  [aamtaur pr] Audio
Always: हमेशा, सदैव, सदा   [hmeshaa, sdaiv, sdaa ] Audio Very: बहुत  [bhut] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Hindi:

I: मैं  [main] Audio You: आप, तुम   [aap, tum ] Audio
He: वह  [vh] Audio She: वह  [vh] Audio
We: हम  [hm] Audio They: वे  [ve] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: मेरा (m) मेरी (f)   [meraa (m) meri (f) ] Audio Your: तुम्हारा  [tumhaaraa] Audio
His: उसका  [uskaa] Audio Her: उसकी  [uski] Audio
Our: हमारा   [hmaaraa ] Audio Their: उनका   [unkaa ] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: मैं अंग्रेजी बोलता(m) /बोलती (f) हूँ |  [main angareji boltaa(m) /bolti (f) hun |] Audio
You speak French: तुम/ आप ( you) फ्रेंच बोलते हो /हैं |  [tum/ aap ( you) frenk bolte ho /hain |] Audio
He speaks German: वह जर्मन बोलता है |  [vh jrmn boltaa hai |] Audio
She speaks Italian: वह इतालवी बोलती है |  [vh itaalvi bolti hai |] Audio
I visited France: मैने फ्रांस का दौरा किया |  [maine fraans kaa dauraa kiyaa |] Audio
I will drink milk: मैं दूध पीना पीऊँगा |  [main dudh pinaa pioongaaa |] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: "मैं तुम्हें समझता/समझती हूँ | "  ["main tumhen smjhtaa/smjhti hun | "] Audio
I don't understand you: मैं तुम्हें नहीं समझता हूँ |  [main tumhen nhin smjhtaa hun |] Audio
I don't speak French: मैं फ्रेंच बात नहीं करता हूँ - (mein French nahin bolta hoon)  [main frenk baat nhin krtaa hun |] Audio
This is my house: यह मेरा घर है |  [yh meraa ghr hai |] Audio
That restaurant is far: यह रेस्तरां दूर है |  [yh restraan dur hai |] Audio
No problem: कोई समस्या नहीं  [koi smsyaa nhin] Audio

The above Hindi grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Hindi vocabulary to obtain some popular Hindi phrases.

Hindi Phrases

Hindi Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.