Irish Grammar

The Irish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Irish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: agus  Audio Under: faoi  Audio
Before: roimh  Audio After: tar éis  Audio
Inside: laistigh  Audio Outside: lasmuigh  Audio
With: le  Audio But: ach  Audio
For: le haghaidh  Audio From: ó  Audio
To: go  Audio In: i  Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: cad é?  Audio Who?: cé?  Audio
How?: conas?  Audio Why?: cén fáth?  Audio
Where?: cén áit?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: riamh (past)  Audio Rarely: go hannamh  Audio
Sometimes: uaireanta  Audio Usually: de ghnáth  Audio
Always: i gcónaí  Audio Very: an-  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Irish:

I: mé/ mise  Audio You: tú/ tusa  Audio
He:   Audio She:   Audio
We: sinn  Audio They: siad  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mo  Audio Your: do  Audio
His: a charr  Audio Her: a carr  Audio
Our: ár gcarr  Audio Their: a gcarr  Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: labhraím Béarla  Audio
You speak French: labhraíonn tú Fraincís  Audio
He speaks German: labhraíonn sé Gearmáinis  Audio
She speaks Italian: labhraíonn sí Iodáilis  Audio
I visited France: thug mé cuairt ar an bhFrainc  Audio
I will drink milk: ólfaidh mé bainne  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: tuigim tú  Audio
I don't understand you: ní thuigim tú  Audio
I don't speak French: ní féidir liom labhairt Fraincís  Audio
This is my house: is é seo mo theach  Audio
That restaurant is far: tá an bialann sin i bhfad  Audio
No problem: aon fhadhb  Audio

The above Irish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Irish vocabulary to obtain some popular Irish phrases.

Irish Phrases

Irish Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.