Irish Grammar

The Irish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Irish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: agus  Audio Under: faoi  Audio
Before: roimh  Audio After: tar éis  Audio
Inside: laistigh  Audio Outside: lasmuigh  Audio
With: le  Audio But: ach  Audio
For: le haghaidh  Audio From: ó  Audio
To: go  Audio In: i  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: cad é?  Audio Who?: cé?  Audio
How?: conas?  Audio Why?: cén fáth?  Audio
Where?: cén áit?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: riamh (past)  Audio Rarely: go hannamh  Audio
Sometimes: uaireanta  Audio Usually: de ghnáth  Audio
Always: i gcónaí  Audio Very: an-  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Irish:

I: mé/ mise  Audio You: tú/ tusa  Audio
He:   Audio She:   Audio
We: sinn  Audio They: siad  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mo  Audio Your: do  Audio
His: a charr  Audio Her: a carr  Audio
Our: ár gcarr  Audio Their: a gcarr  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: labhraím Béarla  Audio
You speak French: labhraíonn tú Fraincís  Audio
He speaks German: labhraíonn sé Gearmáinis  Audio
She speaks Italian: labhraíonn sí Iodáilis  Audio
I visited France: thug mé cuairt ar an bhFrainc  Audio
I will drink milk: ólfaidh mé bainne  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: tuigim tú  Audio
I don't understand you: ní thuigim tú  Audio
I don't speak French: ní féidir liom labhairt Fraincís  Audio
This is my house: is é seo mo theach  Audio
That restaurant is far: tá an bialann sin i bhfad  Audio
No problem: aon fhadhb  Audio

The above Irish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Irish vocabulary to obtain some popular Irish phrases.

Irish Phrases

Irish Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.