Irish Vocabulary

The Irish vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: a haon/aon  Audio Two:   Audio Three: trí  Audio
Four: ceathair  Audio Five: cúig  Audio Six:   Audio
Seven: seacht  Audio Eight: ocht  Audio Nine: naoi  Audio
Ten: deich  Audio First: an chéad  Audio Second: an dara  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: Dé Luain  Audio Tuesday: Dé Mháirt  Audio Wednesday: Dé Chéadaoin  Audio
Thursday: Déardaoin  Audio Friday: Dé hAoine  Audio Saturday: Dé Sathairn  Audio
Sunday: Dé Domhnaigh  Audio Now: anois  Audio Yesterday: inné  Audio
Today: inniu  Audio Tonight: anocht  Audio Tomorrow: amárach  Audio


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: torthaí  Audio Apples: úll  Audio
Bananas: banana  Audio Tomatoes: trátaí  Audio
Potatoes: prátaí  Audio Onions: oinniúin  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: dearg  Audio Green: glas  Audio Blue: gorm  Audio
White: bán  Audio Black: dubh  Audio Grey: liath  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: bricfeásta  Audio Lunch: lón  Audio
Dinner: dinnéar  Audio Milk: bainne  Audio
Coffee: caife  Audio Bread: arán  Audio


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: grianmhar  Audio Windy: gaothfar  Audio Rainy: ag cur báistí  Audio
Snowy: ag cur sneachta  Audio Cold: fuar  Audio Hot: te  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: buachaill  Audio Girl: cailín  Audio
Son: mac  Audio Daughter: iníon  Audio
Brother: deartháir  Audio Sister: deirfiúr  Audio
Man: fear  Audio Woman: bean  Audio
Father: athair  Audio Mother: máthair  Audio
Grandfather: seanathair  Audio Grandmother: seanmháthair  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: teach  Audio Toilet: leithreas  Audio Room: seomra  Audio
Bedroom: seomra codlata  Audio Kitchen: cistin  Audio Table: tábla  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: cat  Audio Dog: madra  Audio Mouse: luch  Audio
Bird: éan  Audio Cow:   Audio Horse: capall  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: stocaí  Audio Shoes: bróga  Audio Trousers: bríste  Audio
Shirt: léine  Audio Sweater: geansaí  Audio Coat: cóta  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: Béarla  Audio French: Fraincís  Audio German: Gearmáinis  Audio
Spanish: Spáinnis  Audio Italian: Iodáilis  Audio Portuguese: Portaingéilis  Audio
Greek: Gréigis  Audio Russian: Rúisis  Audio Arabic: araibis  Audio
Hindi: hIondúis  Audio Chinese: sínis  Audio Japanese: Seapáinis  Audio


Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: tacsaí  Audio Bus: bus  Audio
Hotel: óstán  Audio Reservation: áirithint  Audio
Airport: aerfort  Audio Passport: pas  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: mac léinn  Audio Teacher: múinteoir  Audio Pen: peann  Audio
Books: leabhair  Audio Page: leathanach  Audio Dictionary: foclóir  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: lámh  Audio Feet: cosa  Audio Hair: gruaig  Audio
Eye: súil  Audio Mouth: béal  Audio Nose: srón  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: otharcharr  Audio Doctor: dochtúir  Audio
Hospital: ospidéal  Audio Pharmacy: cógaslann  Audio
Police: póilíní  Audio Stomach Ache: pian boilg  Audio

As you can see, this Irish vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Irish Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.