Kurdish Grammar

The Kurdish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Kurdish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: وە هەروەها  [we herweha] Audio Under: له ‌ژێر  [le zher] Audio
Before: پێش  [pesh] Audio After: پاش  [pash] Audio
Inside: له‌ ناو  [le naw] Audio Outside: له‌ ده‌ره‌وه‌  [le derewe] Audio
With: له‌گه‌ڵ  [legel] Audio But: به‌ڵام  [belam] Audio
For: بۆ  [bo] Audio From: له‌  [le] Audio
To: تا  [ta] Audio In: له‌  [le] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: چی؟  [chy?] Audio Who?: کێ؟  [ke?] Audio
How?: چۆن؟  [chon?] Audio Why?: بۆچی؟  [bochy?] Audio
Where?: لە کوێ؟  [le kwe?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: هه‌رگیز  [hargeez] Audio Rarely: به‌ ئه‌سته‌م  [be astem] Audio
Sometimes: جاربه‌جار  [jarbejar] Audio Usually: زۆربه‌ی کات  [zorbey kat] Audio
Always: هه‌میشه‌  [hemeeshe] Audio Very: زۆر  [zor ] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Kurdish:

I: من  [mn] Audio You: تۆ  [to] Audio
He: ئەو (بۆ کوڕ)  [aw (for boys)] Audio She: ئەو (بۆ کچ)  [aw (for girls)] Audio
We: ئێمه‌  [eme] Audio They: ئه‌وان  [awan] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My:   [m] Audio Your:   [t] Audio
His:   [y] Audio Her:   [y] Audio
Our: -مان  [man] Audio Their: -یان  [yan] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: من بە ئینگلیزی قسە دەکەم  [mn be englizy qse dekem] Audio
You speak French: تۆ بە فەرەنسی قسە دەکەیت  [to be ferensy qse dekeyt] Audio
He speaks German: ئەو بە ئەڵمانی قسە دەکات  [aw be almany qse dekat] Audio
She speaks Italian: ئەو بە ئیتالی قسە دەکات  [aw be etaly qse dekat] Audio
I visited France: من سەردانی فەرەنسام کرد  [mn serdany ferensam krd] Audio
I will drink milk: من شیر دەخۆمەوە  [mn sheer dekhomewe] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: من لێت تێ دەگەم  [mn let te degem] Audio
I don't understand you: من لێت تێ ناگەم  [mn let te nagem] Audio
I don't speak French: من بە فەرەنسی قسە ناکەم  [mn be ferensy qse nakem] Audio
This is my house: ئەمە ماڵی منە  [ame maly mne] Audio
That restaurant is far: ئەو چێشتخانەیە دوورە  [aw cheshtkhaneye dwre] Audio
No problem: کێشە نییە  [keshe nya] Audio

The above Kurdish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Kurdish vocabulary to obtain some popular Kurdish phrases.

Kurdish Phrases

Kurdish Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.