Kurdish Vocabulary

The Kurdish vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: یه‌ک  [yek] Audio Two: دوو  [dw] Audio
Three: سێ  [se] Audio Four: چوار  [chwar] Audio
Five: پێنج  [penj] Audio Six: شه‌ش  [shesh] Audio
Seven: حه‌وت  [hewt] Audio Eight: هه‌شت  [hesht] Audio
Nine: نۆ  [no] Audio Ten: ده‌  [de] Audio
First: یه‌که‌م  [yekem] Audio Second: دووه‌م  [dwwem] Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: دوو شه‌ممه‌  [dw shemme] Audio Tuesday: سێ شه‌ممه‌  [se shemme] Audio
Wednesday: چوار شه‌ممه‌  [chwar shemme] Audio Thursday: پێنج شه‌ممه‌  [penj shemme] Audio
Friday: هه‌ینی  [haniy] Audio Saturday: شه‌ممه‌  [shemme] Audio
Sunday: یه‌ک شه‌ممه‌  [yek shemme] Audio Now: ئێستا  [esta] Audio
Yesterday: دوێنێ  [dwene] Audio Today: ئه‌مڕۆ  [amro] Audio
Tonight: ئه‌مشه‌و  [amshew] Audio Tomorrow: سبه‌ینێ  [sbeine] Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: میوه‌  [meewa] Audio Apples: سێو  [sew] Audio
Bananas: مۆز  [moz] Audio Tomatoes: ته‌ماته‌  [tamata] Audio
Potatoes: په‌تاته‌  [patata] Audio Onions: پیاز  [pyaz] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: سور  [swr] Audio Green: سه‌وز  [sawz] Audio
Blue: شین  [sheen] Audio White: سپی  [speey] Audio
Black: ره‌ش  [resh] Audio Grey: خۆڵه‌مێشی  [kholameshy] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: نانی به‌یانی  [nany bayany] Audio Lunch: نانی نیوه‌ڕۆ  [nany newaro] Audio
Dinner: نانی ئێواره‌  [nany ewara] Audio Milk: شیر  [sheer] Audio
Coffee: قاوە  [qawa] Audio Bread: نان  [nan] Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: خۆره‌تاو  [khorataw] Audio Windy: بای هەیە  [bay haya] Audio
Rainy: باراناوی  [baranawy] Audio Snowy: بەفراوی  [bafrawy] Audio
Cold: سارد  [sard] Audio Hot: گه‌رم  [garm] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: کوڕ  [kwr] Audio Girl: کچ  [kch] Audio
Son: کوڕ  [kwr] Audio Daughter: کچ  [kch] Audio
Brother: برا  [bra] Audio Sister: خوشک  [khwshk] Audio
Man: پیاو  [pyaw] Audio Woman: ژن  [zhin] Audio
Father: باوک  [bawk] Audio Mother: دایک  [daik] Audio
Grandfather: باپیر  [bapeer] Audio Grandmother: نه‌نک  [nank] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: خانوو  [khanw] Audio Toilet: ته‌والێت  [tewalet] Audio
Room: ژوور  [zhwr] Audio Bedroom: ژووری نوستن  [zhwry nwstin] Audio
Kitchen: مه‌تبه‌خ  [metbekh] Audio Table: مێز  [mez] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: پشیله‌  [pshile] Audio Dog: سه‌گ  [seg] Audio
Mouse: مشک  [mshk] Audio Bird: باڵنده‌  [balinde] Audio
Cow: مانگا  [manga] Audio Horse: ئه‌سپ  [asp] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: گۆره‌وی  [gorewy] Audio Shoes: پێڵاو  [pelaw] Audio
Trousers: پانتۆڵ  [pantol] Audio Shirt: کراس  [kras] Audio
Sweater: بلووز  [blwz] Audio Coat: قاپوت  [qapwt] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: ئینگلیزی  [englizy] Audio French: فه‌ره‌نسی  [ferensy] Audio
German: ئه‌ڵمانی  [almany] Audio Spanish: ئیسپانی  [espany] Audio
Italian: ئیتالی  [etaly] Audio Portuguese: برتوغالی  [birtughaly] Audio
Greek: یۆنانی  [yonany] Audio Russian: روسی  [rwsy] Audio
Arabic: عه‌ره‌بی  [araby] Audio Hindi: هندی  [hindy] Audio
Chinese: چینی  [cheeny] Audio Japanese: ژاپۆنی  [zhapony] Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: تاکسی  [taksy] Audio Bus: پاس  [pas] Audio
Hotel: ئوتێل  [uotel] Audio Reservation: قۆرخ کردن  [qorkh krdin] Audio
Airport: فڕۆکەخانە  [frokekhane] Audio Passport: پاسپۆرت  [pasport] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: خوێندکار  [khwendkar] Audio Teacher: مامۆستا  [mamosta] Audio
Pen: قه‌ڵه‌م جاف  [qelem jaf] Audio Books: کتێبەکان  [ktebekan] Audio
Page: پەڕە  [pere] Audio Dictionary: فه‌رهه‌نگ  [ferheng] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: ده‌ست  [dest] Audio Feet: پێ  [pe] Audio
Hair: قژ  [qzh] Audio Eye: چاو  [chaw] Audio
Mouth: ده‌م  [dem] Audio Nose: لوت  [lwt] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ئۆتۆمۆبیلی فریاکەوتن  [utomobeely fryakewtin] Audio Doctor: پزیشک  [pzyshk] Audio
Hospital: خەستەخانە  [khestekhane] Audio Pharmacy: ده‌رمانخانه‌  [dermankhane] Audio
Police: پۆلیس  [polees] Audio Stomach Ache: ئازاری گەدە  [azary gede] Audio

As you can see, this Kurdish vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Kurdish Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.